Pier Luigi Nimis
Apparatus of images: Andrea Moro - Software and databases: Stefano Martellos

The present key includes all members of the Lichinaceae with a Nostocoid photobiont (see Schultz & Büdel 2002) known to occur in Italy (Nimis 2016), plus three species which are known from neighbouring countries in the Alps (Nimis & al. 2018) and should be looked for in Italy, for a total of 10 species. The following genera are included:
1) Lempholemma Körb., with c. 35 species, is a very heterogeneous genus including both flat, foliose species resembling a Collema, and squamulose or microfruticose species. According to Jørgensen (2007), the latter could be perhaps treated as members of the genus Spilonemella Nyl. Keys to most European species were published by Clauzade & Roux (1985), Wirth & al. (2013) and Jørgensen (2007). The species of the Eastern Alps were studied by Schiman-Czeika (1988).
2) Lemmopsis (Vain.) Zahlbr., a genus including 3 species occurring in arid to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, on calcareous rocks and clay soil. The genus was monographed by Ellis (1981).


Clauzade G., Roux C. 1985. Likenoj de Okcidenta Europo. Ilustrita determinlibro. Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, N. Ser., N. Spec. 7. Royan, 893 pp.
Ellis L.T. 1981. A revision and review of Lemmopsis and some related species. Lichenologist, 13, 2: 123-139.
Jørgensen P.M. 2007. Arctomiaceae, Coccocarpiaceae, Collemataceae, Heppiaceae, Lichinaceae, Pannariaceae. Nordic Lichen Flora, Vol 3: Cyanolichens. Uddevalla. 219 pp.
Nimis P.L. 2016. The lichens of Italy. A second annotated catalogue. EUT, Trieste, 740 pp.
Nimis P.L., Hafellner J., Roux C., Clerc P., Mayrhofer H., Martellos S., Bilovitz P.O. 2018. The Lichens of the Alps. An Annotated Catalogue. Mycokeys, 31: 1-634.
Schiman-Czeika H. 1988. Beobachtungen an Lempholemma-Arten aus dem Ostalpenraum (Lichenes, Lichinaceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 158, 2-4: 283-288.
Schultz M., Büdel B. 2002. Key to the genera of the Lichinaceae. Lichenologist, 34, 1: 39-62.
Wirth V., Hauck M., Schultz M. 2013. Die Flechten Deutschlands. Stuttgart, Ulmer. 2 voll., 1244 p.

Last modified: August, 18, 2021

Project Dryades, Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste - CC BY-SA 4.0