Arctoparmelia centrifuga (L.) Hale

Mycotaxon, 25: 252, 1986. Basionym: Lichen centrifugus L. - Sp. Pl., 2: 1142, 1753.
Synonyms: Parmelia centrifuga (L.) Ach.
Distribution: N - Ven, Piem.
Description: Thallus foliose, closely adnate, dying in the center and forming concentric rings which can reach almost 1 m in diameter. Lobes irregularly branched, flat to slightly convex, 1-2 mm broad, with pointed tips. Upper surface greenish yellow or partly whitish green, darkening toward center. Lower surface whitish or pale brown, with sparse, brown to blackish rhizines. Medulla white, not amyloid. Apothecia lecanorine, laminal, adnate, to 5 mm across, with a reddish brown to dark brown disc and an entire to crenulate, sometimes inflexed thalline margin. Epithecium brownish; hypothecium and hymenium colourless; hymenium I+ blue. Asci 8-spored, thick-walled, the apex I+ blue with a wide, divergent axial body, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid, 8-14 x 4.5-6 µm. Pycnidia frequent, laminal immersed. Conidia slightly dumbbell-shaped 5-7 x c. 1 µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: cortex K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P-; medulla K-, KC+ red, P-. Chemistry: cortex with usnic acid and atranorin; medulla with alectoronic acid.
Note: an arctic-alpine lichen of exposed siliceous rocks near or above treeline, certainly very rare in the Alps (Austria). Italian records need confirmation (see Nimis 1993: 490).
Growth form: Foliose, narrow lobed
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: extremely rare
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

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4

5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

1

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5

Aridity:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

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4

5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

1

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3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

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5




Leif Stridvall http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php (Courtesy: Anita Stridvall)



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (9466)
2001/12/18



Curtis Randall Björk, - CC BY-SA 4.0
Sugarbowl-Grizzly Den Provincial Park, British Columbia, Canada
August 2017


Triin Aimla; Owner: University of Tartu



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[20359], Bohemoslovacia, Bohemia merid., Vyšší Brod, in jugo montis Lu haud procul. p. Lipno, 820-850 m, ad saxa granitica soli exposita. Leg. Z. Cernohorský, J. Vezda et al., 30.09.1977. A. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1540



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[20359], Bohemoslovacia, Bohemia merid., Vyšší Brod, in jugo montis Lu haud procul. p. Lipno, 820-850 m, ad saxa granitica soli exposita. Leg. Z. Cernohorský, J. Vezda et al., 30.09.1977. A. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1540



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[20359], Bohemoslovacia, Bohemia merid., Vyšší Brod, in jugo montis Lu haud procul. p. Lipno, 820-850 m, ad saxa granitica soli exposita. Leg. Z. Cernohorský, J. Vezda et al., 30.09.1977. A. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1540



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[20359], Bohemoslovacia, Bohemia merid., Vyšší Brod, in jugo montis Lu haud procul. p. Lipno, 820-850 m, ad saxa granitica soli exposita. Leg. Z. Cernohorský, J. Vezda et al., 30.09.1977. A. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1540


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Mark Rahill - CC BY-SA 4.0
USA


Mark Rahill - CC BY-SA 4.0
USA



Curtis Randall Björk, - CC BY-SA 4.0
Grouse Creek Notch, above the house, British Columbia, Canada
05.10.2018


Zahlbruckner A. 1926. Lichenes (Flechten). In: Engler A. (ed.): Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. 2nd ed., vol 8, W. Engelmann, Leipzig, 270 pp.



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 41415