Arthonia epiphyscia Nyl.

Flora, 58: 361, 1875.
Synonyms: Conida epiphyscia (Nyl.) Zopf
Distribution: N - VG. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008, Brackel 2016), Abr (Brackel 2015, 2016), Sar (Brackel & Berger 2019). S - Camp (Brackel 2021), Cal (Brackel 2016)
Description: Thallus inapparent, not lichenized, with hyaline vegetative hyphae immersed in the thallus of species of the Physcia adscendens-group. Apothecia arthonioid, round, single or fusing to small groups, developing superficially, 0.1-0.3(-0.4) mm across, with a black, convex, smooth to rough disc, without a distinct margin. Proper exciple poorly developed: epithecium olivaceous brown, 10-15 µm high, K+ olive green; hymenium colourless to pale brown, 30-35(-45) µm high, I+ red, K/I+ blue; paraphysoids c. 2 µm thick, the apical cells to 4 µm wide; hypothecium dark reddish brown, 50-70 µm high, with pigments in intercellular spaces, K+ pale green. Asci 8-spored, broadly clavate, semi-fissitunicate, with a large apical dome, a distinct ocular chamber, and a K/I+ blue ring-structure in tholus, Arthonia-type. Ascospores 1-septate, hyaline, oblong to clavate with an attenuated lower cell, (9-)10-13(-14) x (3-)3.5-5 µm, without a distinct perispore. Photobiont absent. Spot tests: K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: commensalistic or parasitic on Physciaceae, this non-lichenised fungus was certainly overlooked and might be more widespread, but is certainly not common in Italy.
Growth form: Lichenicolous fungus
Substrata: bark
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
paras Physciaceae

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: rare
Padanian area: extremely rare
Humid submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Humid mediterranean belt: extremely rare
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 35102


Photo uploaded by P. Cannon, CC BY-SA NC Source: http://fungi.myspecies.info/file/12736