Arthonia patellulata Nyl.

Bot. Not.: 95, 1853.
Synonyms: Allarthonia patellulata (Nyl.) Zahlbr.; Arthonia betuleti Nyl.; Coniangium krempelhuberi A. Massal.; Coniangium krempelhuberi var. effusum A. Massal.?
Distribution: N - Ven (Lazzarin 2000b, Lomb, Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992). C - Tosc (Putortì & al. 1999c, Loppi & al. 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Puntillo 1996).
Description: Thallus crustose, very thinly episubstratic, smooth to finely rugose, white, grey-white or yellowish, without a distinct prothallus. Apothecia arthonioid, rounded, sessile, 0.2-0.7 mm across, with a black, flat to slightly convex, epruinose disc, without a proper margin. Epithecium grey-green to olivaceous brown, 10-15 µm high, K-; hymenium colourless or yellowish green, not inspersed with oil droplets, 35-60 µm high, I+ reddish, K/I+ blue; paraphysoids branched and anastomosing, slender, c. 1.5 µm thick, not capitate, vertically oriented, without a brown cap; hypothecium dark brown to black, 30-80 µm high. Asci 8-spored, broadly clavate to subglobose, semi-fissitunicate, with a large apical dome and a distinct ocular chamber, Arthonia-type. Ascospores 1-septate, constricted at septum, with unequal cells (one subglobose, the other narrower and pointed), hyaline, obovate, 9-15 x 3-5 µm. Pycnidia black, sessile, c. 0.05 mm wide. Conidia bacilliform, straight or slightly curved, 3-6 x c. 1 µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, probably circumpolar species found on smooth bark, mostly of Populus tremula. The records from Peninsular Italy require confirmation. The species is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Vulnerable” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Pioneer species

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Domenico Puntillo; Owner: Domenico Puntillo
Italy



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (11245)
2003/01/23



Domenico Puntillo; Owner: Domenico Puntillo
Italy



Curtis Randall Björk, - CC BY-SA 4.0
Sugarbowl-Grizzly Den Provincial Park, British Columbia, Canada
August 2017


Redinger, K. (1938) Arthoniaceae, Graphidaceae . In Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Band 9, 2 Abt., Part 1 (G. L. Rabenhorst, ed.): 181–404. Leipzig: Borntraeger