Arthonia phaeophysciae Grube & Matzer

Bibl. Lichenol., 68: 10, 1997.
Synonyms: Bryostigma phaeophysciae (Grube & Matzer) S.Y. Kondr. & J.-S. Hur
Distribution: N - Frl (Brackel 2013).
Description: Thallus inapparent, not lichenized, the hyphae developing inside the thalli of Phaeophyscia-species. Apothecia arthonioid, immarginate, breaking through the upper cortex of the host, more or less round, 0.1-0.3 mm across, with a black, sometimes grey-pruinose (remains of the epinecral layer of the host), flat to slightly convex disc, without a proper margin. Proper exciple poorly developed; epithecium pale olive-brown, 10-25 µm high; hymenium colourless, 30-40 µm high, I+ red, K/I+ bluish then reddish; paraphysoids branched and anastomosing, vertically oriented, 2-3 µm thick; hypothecium colourless to pale brown, 20-25 µm high, K+ grey. Asci 8-spored, broadly clavate to subglobose, semi-fissitunicate, with a large, non-amyloid apical dome, a distinct ocular chamber, and an amyloid ring-structure in tholus, Arthonia-type. Ascospores 1-septate, slightly constricted at septum, hyaline, obovate, 12-14 x 4-6 µm, with a gelatinous epispore. Photobiont absent. Spot tests: K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a lichenicolous fungus, commensalistic or weakly parasitic on the thalli of Phaeophyscia-species, especially P. orbicularis; perhaps more widespread throughout Italy, at least in the North, below the subalpine belt; the species, however, seems to be rare south of the Alps, (von Brackel in litt.).
Growth form: Lichenicolous fungus
Substrata: bark
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
paras Phaeophyscia spp.

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: rare
Padanian area: extremely rare
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Mark Powell CC BY-SA-NC Source: http://fungi.myspecies.info/all-fungi/arthonia-phaeophysciae