Arthonia tenellula Nyl.

Flora, 47: 488, 1864.
Synonyms: Allarthonia tenellula (Nyl.) B. de Lesd.
Distribution: C - Umb (Ravera 1998, 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2002b). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).
Description: Thallus crustose, endosubstratic or very thinly episubstratic, continuous, pale grey-white to greenish grey, mostly inapparent, without a distinct prothallus. Apothecia arthonioid, immarginate, adnate, black, epruinose, rounded, 0.1-0.15(-0.2) mm across, mostly flat, scattered on gathered in groups of up to 10. Proper exciple very poorly developed: epithecium brown-black, c. 10 μm high, K-; hymenium colourless to yellowish green, not inspersed with oil droplets, (20-)30-40 μm high, I+ wine-red, K/I+ blue; paraphysoids thread-like, very thin, the apical cells not swollen, without a brown cap; hypothecium pale green to colourless. Asci 8-spored, broadly clavate to ovoid, semi-fissitunicate, with a large apical dome and a distinct ocular chamber, Arthonia-type. Ascospores 1-septate with more or less equal cells, long ovoid, straight, with rounded ends, (8-)10-13 x (3-)4-5 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: on smooth bark and lignum. The complex of A. apatetica-A. exilis deserves further study. This species, described from a coastal site in western France and reported from scattered localities in Europe, is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Vulnerable” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Pioneer species
Poorly known taxon in need of further study

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: very rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: very rare
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany https://mycoportal.org/portal/taxa/index.php?taxon=101545; CC BY-SA NC