Bacidia herbarum (Stizenb.) Arnold

Flora, 48: 596, 1865. Basionym: Secoliga herbarum Stizenb. - N. Acta Leopoldin.-Carolin., 30, 3: 46, 1863.
Synonyms: Bacidia fraterna Anzi
Distribution: N - Frl, TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB 33000), Lig. C - Tosc, Umb (Ravera & al. 2006, 2006b). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).
Description: Thallus crustose, whitish, continuous to small granulose-verrucose, sometimes inconspicuous. Apothecia frequent, lecideine, sessile and constricted at base, 0.2-0.7(-1) mm across, very pale when young, then with a flat to slightly convex, reddish brown to dark brown disc (sometimes different apothecia of the same thallus having different hues), and a smooth, rather thin, sometimes finally blackening proper margin. Proper exciple colourless or straw-coloured, often orange- or red-brown at the outer edge, of radiating narrow hyphae, but with 1-2 rows with swollen lumina (to 6 μm wide) at the outer edge; epithecium almost colourless to brownish, K-; hymenium colourless, 45-60 µm high; paraphyses simple, 1-1.5 µm thick at base, the apical cells clavate, up to 3-4 µm wide; hypothecium pale orange-brown and K- in upper part, orange-brown, straw to colourless in lower part. Asci 8-spored, clavate, surrounded by a gelatinous I+ blue coat, with a well-developed I+ blue tholus, a I+ darker blue tube and a well-developed ocular chamber, Bacidia-type. Ascospores 3-7-septate, hyaline, acicular, 30-60 x (1.7-)2-2.5(-3) µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, probably circumpolar lichen found on plant remains and muribund bryophytes on calciferous ground, more rarely on bark, with optimum in upland areas; probably more widespread in Italy, also along the Apennines.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: soil, terricolous mosses, and plant debris
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: rather rare
Subalpine belt: rare
Oromediterranean belt: very rare
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (2010)
2003/02/12



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (2010)
2003/02/12



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (2010)


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias


Marta González & Enrique Rubio
Spain, Asturias
Hymenium I/KI+