Bacidia rosella (Pers.) De Not.

Giorn. Bot. Ital., 2, 1, 1: 190, 1846. Basionym: Lichen rosellus Pers. - Ann. Bot. (Usteri), 7: 25, 1794.
Synonyms: Biatora alabastrina W. Mann; Lecidea rosella (Pers.) Ach.
Distribution: N - Ven (Nascimbene & Marini 2010), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, Matteucci & al. 2008b), Lig (Giordani & Incerti 2008, Giordani & al. 2009). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Brunialti & Frati 2010, Benesperi 2011, Brunialti & al. 2012b), Umb (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2002, Stofer 2006), Abr (Caporale & al. 2016), Mol (Caporale & al. 2008, Ravera & al. 2010), Sar (Loi & al. 2000, Zedda 2002, Rizzi & al. 2011, Cossu 2013). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Garofalo & al. 2010, Catalano & al. 2016), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Gianfreda & Matino 2020), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006, Potenza & al. 2010, Brackel 2011), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Grillo & al. 2007).
Description: Thallus crustose, thinly episubstratic, continuous, slightly cracked or rarely warted-areolate, mostly finely granulose, pale grey to greenish grey. Apothecia lecideine, 0.6-1.5(-3) mm across, sessile and constricted at base, pale pink, with a flat to finally convex, epruinose or slightly pruinose disc, and thin, usually paler, finally sometimes excluded proper margin. Proper exciple colourless, 50-70 μm wide laterally, with evenly dispersed, very small, reddish crystals soluble in K, especially in upper part, the outer rim with a single layer of enlarged cells (to 9 x 6 μm); epithecium colourless, inspersed with small crystals between the apices of paraphyses; hymenium colourless, 75-85 μm high; paraphyses 0.8-1.2 μm thick at mid-level, the apical cells more or less clavate, to 3 μm wide; hypothecium colourless or very pale yellow. Asci 8-spored, cylindrical-clavate, surrounded by a gelatinous I+ blue coat, with a well-developed I+ blue tholus, an I+ darker blue tube and a well-developed ocular chamber, Bacidia-type. Ascospores (3-)5-15-septate, hyaline, acicular, curved or sigmoid, (40-)60-100 x (2.5-)3-4(-5) μm. Pycnidia colourless, half-immersed. Conidia 5-9-septate, hyaline, thread-like, slightly curved, 10-17 x 0.5-0.8 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid, the cells 5-12 μm in diam. Spot tests: thallus and apothecia K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: no lichen substances.
Note: a mild-temperate to Mediterranean-Atlantic lichen found on deciduous trees (especially Acer and Fraxinus, but also on Quercus ilex) in humid, open forests and in woodlands along rivers, declining and perhaps extinct in northern Italy, but still locally abundant in suitable habitats of southern Italy. The species is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Near-threatened” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: very rare
Humid mediterranean belt: extremely rare
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php (Courtesy: Anita Stridvall)



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (9158)
2001/11/22



Domenico Puntillo; Owner: Domenico Puntillo
Italy


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall


Photo by Maria Zardini, Museo di Storia Naturale di Venezia CC BY-SA 4.0
Ad cort. quercuum in nemore Montello raro.
Trevisan Lichenotheca Veneta 71


Photo by Maria Zardini, Museo di Storia Naturale di Venezia CC BY-SA 4.0
Ad cort. quercuum in nemore Montello raro.
Trevisan Lichenotheca Veneta 71


Zahlbruckner A. 1926. Lichenes (Flechten). In: Engler A. (ed.): Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. 2nd ed., vol 8, W. Engelmann, Leipzig, 270 pp.



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 21926