Blastenia monticola Arup & Vondrák

( in Vondrák & al.), J. Syst. Evol. 58, 3: 320, 2020.
Synonyms: Caloplaca herbidella auct. ital. p.p.
Distribution: N - Frl (Vondrák & al. 2020), Ven (Ravera & al. 2021), TAA (Ravera & al. 2021), Lomb (Ravera & al. 2021), Piem (Nascimbene & al. 2021).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, grey or rarely pale yellow, usually up to 100 μm thick (but appearing up to 300 μm thick when densely blastidiate/isidiate). Blastidia/isidia granular, 50-200 μm thick. Apothecia biatorine/zeorine, red, 0.8-1.2 mm across. Proper exciple prosoplectenchymatous; epithecium orange-brown, granular, K+ red; hymenium colourless, not inspersed with oil droplets; paraphyses simple or sparingly branched and anastomosing, 1.5-3 μm thick in lower part, the apical cells usually wider; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Teloschistes-type. Ascospores 1-septate, polarilocular, hyaline, ellipsoid, (8-)9.5-15(-17) μm x 6-8 µm, the septum c. 5 µm thick. Pycnidia red. Conidia bacilliform, rarely narrowly ellipsoid, 3-5 x 1-1.5 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-; apothecia K+ red. Chemistry: non-chlorinated anthraquinones in apothecial disc, chlorinated anthraquinones in exciple; thallus without anthraquinones or rarely with traces of anthraquinones; Cinereorufa-green usually in traces in thallus, but accumulated at tips of isidia/blastidia.
Note: A recently-described species, found on acid bark, mostly of conifers, or on the branchs of shrubs, in the subalpine belt. Most earlier records of B. herbidella from the Alps (see Nimis 1993, 2016) could refer to this species, which is probably widespread throughout the Alpine chain.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by isidia, or isidia-like structures (e.g. schizidia)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: very rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42853



P.L. Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB42853


Jan Vondrak - Source: https://botanika.prf.jcu.cz/lichenology/index.php?pg=8&cat=32&idx=17317
Russia
holotype



P.L. Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB42853



P.L. Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB42853



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 42853