Cladonia straminea (Sommerf.) Flörke

Clad. Comm.: 87, 1827. Basionym: Cenomyce straminea Sommerf. - Suppl. Fl. Lapp.): 128, 1826
Synonyms: Cladonia metacorallifera Asahina
Distribution: N - TAA (Burgaz & al. 2020).
Description: Primary thallus squamulose, persistent, the squamules up 4 mm wide, flattened, moderately divided into small, rounded lobes, dark yellowish green above, white beneath. Podetia goblet-shaped, dark yellowish green, hollow inside, with narrow cups, 4.5-7.5 mm tall, 2-4 mm wide, 1.5-2 mm thick at base, corticate, covered with numerous squamules and microsquamules, sometimes mixed with granules; basal areas and margins of cups often decorticate, with a visible blackened stereome. Apothecia scarlet red, mostly on the margins of cups. Asci 8-spored, clavate, thickened at apex, with a K/I+ blue tholus and a K/I+ strongly blue outer gelatinous sheath, Cladonia-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid. Pycnidia red, most frequent along the margins of cups, with a red slime. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: chemotype a): K-, C-, KC+ pale yellow, P-, UV+ white; chemotype b): K+ yellow, C- KC+ pale yellow, P+ yellow, UV–. Chemistry: chemotype a): usnic, didymic and squamatic acids; chemotype b): usnic, didymic and thamnolic acids. Rhodocladonic acid in apothecia of both chemotypes.
Note: a very rare species growing on mosses between siliceous boulders in oceanic areas, mostly in sites with a short snow-lie, in the montane to subalpine belts.
Growth form: Fruticose

Substrata: soil, terricolous mosses, and plant debris
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: extremely rare
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Aridity:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

1

2

3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5




Einar Timdal - Source: http://www.nhm2.uio.no/botanisk/lav/Photo_Gallery/Cladonia/straminea_Vinje%202002%2007%2019%20Timdal_ET_2.jpg



Curtis Randall Björk, - CC BY-SA 4.0
Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada
2018


Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
Herbarium: TSB 19614