Bilimbia accedens Arnold

Flora, 45: 391, 1862.
Synonyms: Bacidia accedens (Arnold) Lettau; Bacidia decedens (Stizenb.) Mig.; Mycobilimbia accedens (Arnold) V. Wirth ex Hafellner; Myxobilimbia accedens (Arnold) Hafellner
Distribution: N - VG (TSB 15457), Frl, TAA, Lomb (Jatta 1909-1911), Piem, Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008, Fariselli & al. 2020). C - Tosc (Jatta 1909-1911), Marc (TSB 24011), Abr (Jatta 1909-1911), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Caporale & al. 2008). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Jatta 1909-1911).
Description: Thallus crustose, whitish, farinose-granulose. Apothecia frequent, biatorine, sessile, 0.3-0.7 mm across, with a blackish brown to black, initially flat, then rapidly convex disc, and a thin, soon excluded proper margin. Epithecium bright to blackish emerald green or olive-green, K-; hymenium colourless, >60 µm high, I+ blue,; coherent, mostly simple, 2-3 μm thick at mid-level, the apical cells up to 5(-6) μm wide; hypothecium reddish brown at least in upper part Asci 8-spored, cylindrical-clavate, with a K/I+ blue apical dome penetrated by a narrow, K/I– apical cushion surrounded by an indistinct, apically often tapering, wall K/I– but surrounded by an I+ red-brown, K/I+ blue outer layer. Ascospores (5-)7-9(-10)-septate, hyaline, ellipsoid-cylindrical, 20-45 x (5-)6-7(-9) µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: on mosses overgrowing soil and rocks, with optimum on calciferous substrata in upland areas. The record from Sicilia (Nimis 1993: 442) was due to a misidentification. For synonymies see Ekman (1996). Closely related to, and perhaps a synonym of Bilimbia sabuletorum.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: soil, terricolous mosses, and plant debris
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: rare
Subalpine belt: rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 34837



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (34837)
2002/02/16