Bryoria simplicior (Vain.) Brodo & D. Hawksw.

Opera Bot., 42: 109, 1977. Basionym: Alectoria nidulifera f. simplicior Vain. - Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn., 6: 115, 1881.
Synonyms: Alectoria simplicior (Vain.) Lynge; Bryopogon simplicior f. albidosorediosus Gyeln.
Distribution: N - TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2007b), VA (Valcuvia 2000, Matteucci & al. 2008).
Description: Thallus fruticose, tufted, attached by a basal holdfast, to 5 cm long, dark brown to blackish brown, without distinct main branches, branching with acute angles, the branches mostly terete, often with abundant lateral spinules. Soralia sparse to usually abundant, fissural, broader than the branches on which they develop, usually greenish black. Pseudocyphellae absent; medulla white, compact. Apothecia unknown. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: cortex and medulla K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: no lichen substances or sometimes fatty acids.
Note: a boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen found on isolated conifers in the mountains, to be looked for throughout the Alps. It is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Endangered” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Fruticose filamentous
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by soredia, or soredia-like structures (e.g. blastidia)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: very rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Curtis Randall Björk, - CC BY-SA 4.0
Red Meteor Lake Wetland, above the Fraser River in central British Columbia, Canada, first western range of the Rocky Mountains over the Robson Valley, British Columbia, Canada
12.08.2018


Triin Aimla; Owner: University of Tartu


Annelle Burghause – Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/aburgh/27280434446 CC BY-SA-NC 2.0



Curtis Randall Björk – CC BY-SA 4.0
Northwest Territories, near MacKay Lake, Canada - On dwarf Picea mariana on sandy esker ridge 2012-06-00