Buellia subsquamosa J. Steiner

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 57: 360, 1907.
Synonyms:
Distribution: N - TAA. C - Sar (Scheidegger 1993).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, rimose to verrucose, up to more than 1 mm thick, whitish; medulla white, slightly amyloid, 1+ violet. Apothecia black, lecideine, 0.5-0.8 mm across, broadly sessile, with a flat disc and a thick, persistent proper margin. Proper exciple dark brown to brown-black in outer part, N-, aethalea-type; epithecium olive to brown; hymenium colourless, without oil droplets, 65-85 µm high; hypothecium dark brown. Asci 8-spored, Bacidia-type. Ascospores 1-septate, dark brown, oblong, constricted at septum, 13-16 x 6.5-5.8 µm, Buellia-type, with a microrugulate to rugulate ornamentation. Pycnidia flask-shaped, black, immersed in thallus. Conidia bacilliform, 5-7.5 µm long. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P- or P+ faintly yellow; medulla K-, P+ red. Chemistry: cortex with atranorin, medulla with psoromic acid.
Note: a rarely collected lichen of porous siliceous rocks rich in minerals, both in the Mediterranean area and in dry-continental Alpine valleys, where it exceptionally reaches the subalpine belt.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: extremely rare
Dry mediterranean belt: extremely rare


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Aridity:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

1

2

3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5