Calicium adspersum Pers.

Icon. Descript. Fungor. Minus Cognit., 2: 59, 1800.
Synonyms: Calicium diploellum Nyl.; Calicium lenticulare sensu Nádv.; Calicium mutabile Ach.; Calicium roscidum (Ach.) Ach.
Distribution: N - Lomb (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Piem (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Emil (Nascimbene & al. 2021). C - Tosc (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Marc (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Umb (Genovesi & al. 2001, Ravera & al. 2006, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009, Laz (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Mol (Caporale & al. 2008, Brackel 2020), Sar (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009, Zedda & Sipman 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009, Garofalo & al. 2010), Pugl (Tretiach 1993, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Bas (Potenza 2006, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009, Potenza & Fascetti 2012), Cal (Tretiach 1993, Puntillo 1994, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Si (Tretiach 1993).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, verruculose to granular, grey. Apothecia stalked and pin-like to subsessile, black with a bright yellow pruina on the edge of the capitulum and on the mazaedium, especially in young apothecia. Stalk black, (0.2-)0.6-1(-1.4) mm high, of weakly sclerotized, pale greenish to brown, irregularly interwoven hyphae, the outer layer paler and covered with a thin, transparent, weakly amyloid gelatinous sheath. Capitulum broadly lenticular, with a well-developed, cup-shaped exciple; mazaedium well developed, black; hypothecium dark brown. Asci clavate, formed singly, dissolving early, with 2-3-seriate ascospores. Ascospores 1-septate, dark brown, ellipsoid, 13-17 x 5.5-8 µm, with a thick, distinctly ornamented wall, the ornamentation consisting of spirally arranged ridges. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K+ yellow then red, C-, KC-, P+ yellow-orange; ascomata I-, except the outer layer of the stalk which is weakly amyloid. Chemistry: thallus with norstictic acid; yellow pruina with vulpinic acid.
Note: a holarctic, temperate species found on bark, rarely on lignum of deciduous trees, especially oaks, often in fissures of the bark, more rarely on conifers.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
In underhangs rarely wetted by rain

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: rare
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Aridity:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

1

2

3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5





Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (30836)
2003/03/12



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (13662)
2003/03/12



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (30836)
2003/03/12



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[9582], GERMANY, Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart, zwischen Stuttgart und Leonberg, an Quercus an der Schattenalle beim Bärensee, 48°45.368'N, 9°05.505'E, 430 m



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria



Domenico Puntillo – CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy