Calicium notarisii (Tul.) M. Prieto & Wedin

Fungal Divers., 2016 (MB 817538). Basionym: Acolium notarisii Tul. - Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot., ser. 3, 17: 81, 1852.
Synonyms: Cyphelium notarisii (Tul.) Blomb. & Forssell; Cyphelium sardoum (De Not.) Jatta; Cyphelium tigillare subsp. notarisii (Tul.) W.A. Weber; Embolus sardous De Not.; Trachylia notarisii (Tul.) Nyl.
Distribution: N - Piem (TSB 32805), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Matteucci & al. 2008c, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009, Watson 2014). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Sar (Zedda 2002, 2002b, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009, Rizzi & al. 2011).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, continuous to usually verrucose, bright yellow-green. Cortex densely inspersed with yellow crystals, the uppermost part with a hyaline layer. Apothecia immersed in 0.5-0.8 mm wide thalline warts, 0.2-0.5 mm across, covered with a black, epruinose mazaedium. Exciple 14-34 µm thick laterally, not or only slightly thickened at base, of intricately interwoven, brown, sclerotized hyphae with thickened walls; hypothecium very thin, poorly pigmented, Asci ellipsoid to pyriform, rupturing at a very early stage, with 2-3 seriate spores. Ascospores at first 1-septate, then submuriform with oblique septa, brown, broadly ellipsoid or irregular in outline, constricted at septa, 17-24 x 13-18 µm, with 2-14 cells. Pycnidia black, confluent. Conidia 1-celled, hyaline, cylindrical or ellipsoid. Photobiont chlrococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: thallus with rhizocarpic acid.
Note: a mainly cool-temperate to southern boreal-montane lichen found on dry, weathered wood (e.g. on fences, wooden poles), but also on bark of old acid-barked trees (especially Quercus); perhaps more widespread in the Alps. It is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Vulnerable” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

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5

Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

(info)

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Poleotolerance:

(info)

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Altitudinal distribution:

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D. Puntillo CC BY-SA 04



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (24317)
2001/12/08


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010



Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010


Antonio Valero; Owner: Antonio Valero
Spain
2010


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php (Courtesy: Anita Stridvall)



Pier Luigi Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42470



Pier Luigi Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42470



Pier Luigi Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42470



Pier Luigi Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42470



Pier Luigi Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42470


Zahlbruckner A. 1926. Lichenes (Flechten). In: Engler A. (ed.): Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien. 2nd ed., vol 8, W. Engelmann, Leipzig, 270 pp.