Acarospora subrufula (Nyl.) H. Olivier

Exp. Syst. Descr. Lich. Ouest Fr., 2: 21, 1900. Basionym: Lecanora subrufula Nyl. - Flora, 62: 355, 1879.
Synonyms:
Distribution: C - Sar.
Description: Thallus crustose-subsquamulose, episubstratic, consisting of scattered to clustered, reddish brown, 0.3-1.8 mm wide, angular areoles, or reduced to the thalline margin of the apothecia. Algal layer even, continuous. Apothecia lecanorine, 0.2-1 mm across, mostly one per areole and occupying most of its surface, with a smooth, sometimes umbonate, brown-black disc, and a thick, raised, smooth thalline margin. Epithecium brownish; hymenium colourless, 70-120 µm high; paraphyses 1.5-2 µm thick at base, the apical cells 2-3 µm wide; hypothecium colourless. Asci c. 200-spored, clavate, the apical dome K/I-. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid to subcylindrical, 4-6.5 x 1-2.5 µm. Photobiont chlorococoid. Spot test: upper cortex K+ yellow then red (needle-like crystals), C-, KC-, P- or P+ yellowish. Chemistry: norstictic acid.
Note: on hard siliceous rocks, especially granite, near the coast. A Mediterranean-Atlantic European species, reported from a few localities, from the British Isles to Portugal, and also known from the Aegean Islands.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Restricted to humid-warm, oceanic areas
Taxon bound to maritime-coastal situations

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: extremely rare
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Aridity:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

1

2

3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5




Author: Harrie Sipman - Source: http://www.bgbm.fu-berlin.de/sipman/Zschackia/AegeanLichens/Acarospora.htm