Caloplaca exsecuta (Nyl.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth.

Die Flechten von Tirol: 191, 1902. Basionym: Lecanora exsecuta Nyl. - Flora, 63: 388, 1880.
Synonyms: Blastenia exsecuta (Nyl.) Servít; Lendemeriella exsecuta (Nyl.) S. Y. Kondr.
Distribution: N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Piem, VA (Isocrono & al. 2008, Favero-Longo & Piervittori 2009).
Description: Thallus crustose, thinly episubstratic, continuous to rimose-areolate, grey, rarely dark grey or dirty white. Apothecia biatorine or lecideine, 0.2-0.7 mm across, sessile, not constricted at base, with a flat to convex disc of variable colour, from brownish yellow to orange-brown or finally entirely black (the yellow to orange pigment appearing as a pruina), and a persistent to finally excluded, black to olive, smooth proper margin. Proper exciple broad, prosoplectenchymatous, the outer part blackish green, K-, N+ purple-red; epithecium yellowish orange, K+ red; hymenium colourless, 65-90(-135) μm high; paraphyses sparingly branched in upper part, the terminal cells swollen, 1.5-4 μm wide; hypothecium yellowish to brownish. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Teloschistes-type. Ascospores 1-septate, polarilocular, hyaline, ellipsoid, (10-)12-16.5 x (5.5-)6-7.5(-8) μm, the septum 3-5(-7) μm thick. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-; apothecia K- or K+ red, C-. Chemistry: Cinereorufa-green pigment in thallus and apothecial margin; apothecia with 7-chloroemodin, emodin, fallacinal, fragilin, parietin, parietinic acid, teloschistin and an unknown substance.
Note: a mainly arctic-alpine, probably circumpolar lichen of basic siliceous rocks in humid, wind-protected situations above and near treeline; certainly much more widespread in the Alps.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: very rare
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

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5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

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5

Aridity:

(info)

1

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4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

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5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

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3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

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5




Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (21132)
2001/11/13


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php (Courtesy: Anita Stridvall)


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[BR5030035907178], Norway, Svalbard, Longgyrenhyen, inland. Leg. N. Gunde-Zimerman (II-6), June-August 2001, det. A. Aptroot, 2002