Caloplaca littorea Tav.

Rev. Fac. Cienc. Lisboa, ser. 2 C, 5: 129, 1956.
Synonyms:
Distribution: C - Sar.
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, deep yellow-orange, thin, continuous to minutely rimose-areolate, more rarely poorly developed and film-like, sometimes delimited by a pale yellow prothallus. Isidia usually very numerous, small, crowded, granular, finger-like to branched-coralloid, often forming a thin to thick, coarsely areolate crust. Apothecia rare, 0.4-0.8 mm across, rounded, with an orange to deep orange, mostly flat disc, and a somewhat paler, thin, finally often excluded proepr margin. Epithecium orange, K+ red; hymenium colourless; paraphyses lax, branched, the apical cells up to c. 4 μm wide; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Teloschistes-type. Ascospores 1-septate, polarilocular, hyaline, ellipsoid, 11-15 x 5-8 μm, the septum 1-4 μm thick (to c. 1/4 of spore length). Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus and apothecia K+ red, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: different anthraquinones.
Note: a mainly Atlantic species confined to relatively dry, sheltered recesses in the xeric-supralittoral zone on siliceous rocks, known from a single, very peculiar station in Sardegna (Punta Falcone), hosting several other "Atlantic" lichens. According to Vondrák (in litt.) this species is a member of Haloplaca.
Growth form: Crustose placodiomorph
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by isidia, or isidia-like structures (e.g. schizidia)
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)
Taxon bound to maritime-coastal situations

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: extremely rare
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

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5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

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5

Aridity:

(info)

1

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3

4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

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4

5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

1

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3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

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5





Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (9148)
2001/12/18



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19597],Hispania, Murcia, Isla Grosa, Cabo de Palos, alt. 6 m, ad scopulos vulcanicos. Leg. M. Egea & X. Llimona, 3.11.1978, det. M. Egea. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1970.