Acarospora trachytica Jatta

N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 14: 127, 1882.
Synonyms:
Distribution: S - Camp (Ricciardi & al. 2000, Knudsen & Nordin 2015).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, rimose areolate. Areoles 1-2 mm wide, up to c. 0.7 mm thick, reddish white, turning green when wet, rugulose, broadly attached, without a distinct lower surface. Upper cortex paraplectenchymatous, 30-40 μm thick, with an up to 40 μm thick epicortex, the cells inspersed with minute granules. Algal layer even, continuous; medulla white, heavily inspersed with crystals. Apothecia aspicililoid, round, to 1 mm, across, usually one per areole, with an epruinose, flat to convex, reddish brown to reddish black disc, without a distinct thalline margin. Epithecium brownish; hymenium colourless, 100-120 μm high, I+ blue; paraphyses 2-2.5 μm thick at base, the apical cells hardly swollen; hypothecium colourless. Asci 50-100-spored, clavate, the apical dome K/I-. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, globose and 4-6 μm in diam., or subglobose and 4-6 x c. 4 μm. Pycnidia visible as pink dots. Conidia simple, hyaline, c. 2 x 1 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: cortex and medulla K+ yellow turning red (needle-like crystals), C- KC-, P+ yellow. Chemistry: norstictic acid.
Note: the lectotype in UPS is on light trachyte pigmented with a red mineral, and the second syntype is on calcareous tufa (Jatta 1882). The species is currently known only from coastal Italy in the region of Naples. For a detailed description of this long-forgotten, but well-distinct species see Knudsen & Nordin (2015).
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Humid mediterranean belt: extremely rare
Dry mediterranean belt: very rare


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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K. Knudsen & A. Nordin, Opuscula Philolichenum, 14: 90-92,
Italy
2015
HOLOTYPE (UPS)


Source of image: K. Knudsen & A. Nordin, Opuscula Philolichenum, 14: 90-92, 2015
Italy
HOLOTYPE (UPS)