Candelariella superdistans (Nyl.) Malme

Svensk Bot. Tidskr., 4: 164, 1910. Basionym: Lecanora superdistans Nyl. - Flora, 62: 355, 1879.
Synonyms:
Distribution: N - Frl. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).
Description: Thallus inapparent, growing on the thalli and apothecial margins of Lecanora populicola. Apothecia lecanorine, small, 0.2-0.8 mm across, with a flat to convex, yellow disc and a thin, concolourous, smooth, finally often excluded margin. Thalline exciple prosoplectenchymatous, with protruding hyphae; epithecium yellow; hymenium colourless, 50-60 µm high; paraphyses with slightly swollen tips; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, with an apical dome which is I+ blue only in the internal, lower part, interrupted in the centre by a a paler blue strip, Candelaria-type. Ascospores 1-celled, ellipsoid, hyaline, 16-22 x 5-7 µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: apothecia K- or K+ reddish-orange, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: apothecia with pulvinic acid derivatives.
Note: a cool-temperate lichen starting the life-cycle on Lecanora populicola; overlooked in the past but certainly not common in Italy. It is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Endangered” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)
paras Lecanora populicola

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 11237


Andres Saag; Owner: University of Tartu


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php (Courtesy: Anita Stridvall)



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (25130)
2001/11/19
with apothecium of the host