Carbonea vorticosa (Flörke) Hertel

Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 19: 442, 1983. Basionym: Lecidea sabuletorum var. vorticosa Flörke - Mag. natf. Fr. Berlins, 2: 311, 1808.
Synonyms: Lecidea asperella Stirt.; Lecidea kündigiana Müll. Arg.; Lecidea pullulans Th. Fr.; Lecidea sublatypea Leight. ex Cromb.; Lecidea vorticosa (Flörke) Körb.
Distribution: N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Hertel & Schuhwerk 2010), TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006, Isocrono & Piervittori 2008), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Fariselli & al. 2020). C - Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002), Si.
Description: Thallus crustose, mostly endosubstratic, grey to whitish, poorly evident. Medulla I-. Apothecia lecideine, black, somehow glossy, dispersed or in small clusters, sessile and slightly constricted at base, 0.1-1(-1.2) mm across, at first round, then often angular, with a concave to flat, sometimes umbonate disc, and a distinct, persistent, raised, undulate proper margin. Proper exciple brown-black throughout; epithecium bright blue green to emerald green, 15-25 μm high, N+ purple-red; hymenium colourless to bluish green especially in upper part, 40-75 μm high; paraphyses simple, conglutinated, forked and anastomosing in upper part, 1.7-2.5 µm thick at mid-level, the apical cell hardly swollen; hypothecium brown-black, paler than exciple, to 120 μm high. Asci 8-spored, clavate, very thin-walled, with a K/I+ blue, tall tholus penetrated by a faintly amyloid apical cushion, the wall K/I-, surrounded by a blue outer layer, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, narrowly ellipsoid to oblong, 8.5-15 x 3.5-5.5 µm. Pycnidia black, globose, immersed. Conidia thread-like, 14-30 µm long. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P- or P+ red. Chemistry: thallus without lichen substances or with argopsin.
Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar species found on steeply inclined faces of lime-poor sandstone, schists and gneiss, rarely on dolomite, in upland areas; common in the Alps, much rarer in southern Italy.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: rather common
Subalpine belt: rather rare
Oromediterranean belt: very rare
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Einar Timdal CC BY-SA-NC - Source: http://www.boldsystems.org/index.php/Taxbrowser_Taxonpage?taxid=516511



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (34302)
2001/12/09


Miris Castello - CC BY-SA 4.0; Owner: Department of Life Sciences - University of Trieste
Antarctica, Terra Nova Bay.
Herbarium: TSB - Antarctic Herbarium


Miris Castello - CC BY-SA 4.0; Owner: Department of Life Sciences - University of Trieste
Antarctica, Terra Nova Bay.
Herbarium: TSB - Antarctic Herbarium


Miris Castello - CC BY-SA 4.0; Owner: Department of Life Sciences - University of Trieste
Antarctica, Terra Nova Bay.
Herbarium: TSB - Antarctic Herbarium


Miris Castello - CC BY-SA 4.0; Owner: Department of Life Sciences - University of Trieste
Antarctica, Terra Nova Bay.
Herbarium: TSB - Antarctic Herbarium


Miris Castello - CC BY-SA 4.0; Owner: Department of Life Sciences - University of Trieste
Antarctica, Terra Nova Bay.
Herbarium: TSB - Antarctic Herbarium


Miris Castello - CC BY-SA 4.0; Owner: Department of Life Sciences - University of Trieste
Antarctica, Terra Nova Bay.
Herbarium: TSB - Antarctic Herbarium



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41565



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41565



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41565