Chaenotheca gracilenta (Ach.) Mattsson & Middelb.

in Middelborg & Mattsson, Sommerfeltia 5: 45, 1987. Basionym: Calicium gracilentum Ach. - Lichenogr. Univ.: 243, 1810.
Synonyms: Coniocybe gracilenta (Ach.) Ach.; Cybebe gracilenta (Ach.) Tibell
Distribution: N - Frl (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Ven (Nascimbene 2008c), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006e, Thor & Nascimbene 2007, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009, Nascimbene 2014, Nascimbene & Marini 2015, Nimis & al. 2015), Lomb (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Piem (TSB 33502). C - Tosc (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009).
Description: Thallus crustose, thinly episubstratic, farinose, grey-green. Apothecia long-stalked, pin-like, 2-3.5 mm high. Stalk slender and flexuose, black, but covered in a thin, grey, granular pruina, consisting of periclinally arranged, medium brown hyphae, the outermost layer disrupted into pruina-like granules. Capitulum spherical, 0.2-0.4 mm across, with a poorly developed excipulum continuous with the stalk tissue. Mazaedium well-developed, pale grey; hypothecium medium brown. Asci ellipsoid, formed in chains from ascogenous hyphae without hooks, dissolving early. Ascospores 1-celled, very pale brown to almost hyaline, globose, 2.5-3 µm wide, with a smooth to slightly cracked wall. Photobiont chlorococcoid, with rectangular cells (Stichococcus). Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: thallus with small amounts of several unidentified substances.
Note: a circumboreal-montane species found on rotting wood and decaying bark, on faces protected from rain such as hollows of old stumps in ancient, humid, montane to subalpine forests. It is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Vulnerable” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
In underhangs rarely wetted by rain

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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5

Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

(info)

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Altitudinal distribution:

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P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 6758


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php (Courtesy: Anita Stridvall)