Amandinea punctata (Hoffm.) Coppins & Scheid.

in Scheid., Lichenologist, 25: 343, 1993. Basionym: Verrucaria punctata Hoffm. - Deutschl. Fl.: 192, 1796.
Synonyms: Buellia cupreola Müll. Arg.; Buellia myriocarpa (DC.) De Not.; Buellia myriocarpa var. chloropolia (Fr.) Th. Fr.; Buellia myriocarpa var. punctiformis (DC.) Mudd; Buellia myriocarpa var. stigmatea (Körb.) H. Olivier; Buellia ocellata f. depauperata Anzi ex Arnold; Buellia punctata (Hoffm.) A. Massal.; Buellia punctata f. capitata (Bagl.) Jatta; Buellia punctata f. fuliginosa (Hepp) Jatta; Buellia punctata f. lignicola Anzi ex Arnold; Buellia punctata f. muscicola (Hepp) Körb.?; Buellia punctata var. chloropolia (Fr.) Körb.; Buellia punctata var. punctiformis (DC.) Oxner; Buellia punctata var. tumidula (A. Massal.) Jatta; Buellia punctiformis (DC.) A. Massal.; Buellia stigmatea (Schaer.) Körb.; Buellia vagans Müll. Arg.?; Lecidea myriocarpa (DC.) Röhl.; Lecidea parasema var. punctata (Hoffm.) Ach.; Lecidea parasema var. punctiformis (DC.) Wahlenb.; Lecidea punctata (Hoffm.) Flörke
Distribution: N - VG (Castello 1996, Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004, Castello & Skert 2005), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996, Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Lazzarin 1997, 2000b, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2002c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, 2009), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, 2008b, 2014, Gottardini & al. 2004, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e, 2007b, 2014, Thor & Nascimbene 2007, Zarabska & al. 2009, Bilovitz & al. 2014, Nimis & al. 2015), Lomb (Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Brusoni & al. 1997, Zocchi & al. 1997, Roella 1999, Brusoni & Valcuvia 2000, Arosio & al. 2000, 2003, Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, Gheza & al. 2015), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Arosio & al. 1998, Piervittori 1998, 2003, Bari & al. 2000, Castino 2004, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2005b, 2006, 2007, 2009, Isocrono & Piervittori 2008, Furlanetto 2010, Matteucci & al. 2010, Giordani & Malaspina 2016), VA (Piervittori & Maffei 1996, 2001, Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001, Matteucci & al. 2008c, 2015c, Isocrono & al. 2008), Emil (Bassi 1995, Nimis & al. 1996, Valcuvia & Grieco 1995, Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Sallese 2003, Morselli & Regazzi 2006, Tretiach & al. 2008, Cioffi 2009, Benesperi 2009, Fariselli & al. 2020), Lig (Castello & al. 1994, Putortì & al. 1999b, Giordani & al. 2002, 2016, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006, Giordani & Incerti 2008). C - Tosc (Loppi & Putortì 1995, 1995b, Loppi & al. 1995, 1996b, 1996c, 1997b, 1998, 2002, 2002b, 2002c, 2003, 2006, Loppi 1996b, Monaci & al. 1997, Putortì & al. 1998, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Benesperi 2000a, 2011, Helms & al. 2003, Loppi & Frati 2004, Frati & al. 2007, 2008, Benesperi & al. 2007, Paoli & Loppi 2008, Brunialti & Frati 2010, Loppi & Nascimbene 2010, Nascimbene & al. 2012, 2015, Brunialti & al. 2012b, Paoli & al. 2012, 2012b, 2013, 2015d, Brackel 2015), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Frati & Brunialti 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Stofer 2006, Caporale & al. 2016, Gheza & al. 2021), Umb (Ravera 1998, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006, Brackel 2015), Laz (Bartoli 1997b, Ravera & al. 1999, Diederich & Etayo 2000, Massari & Ravera 2002, Ruisi & al. 2005, Munzi & al. 2007, Ravera 2008b, Ravera & Genovesi 2008, Genovesi & al. 2011, Zucconi & al. 2013, Brackel 2015), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Caporale & al. 2008, Genovesi & Ravera 2014, Paoli & al. 2015), Sar (Zedda 2002, Rizzi & al. 2011, Cossu 2013, Cossu & al. 2015). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, 2010, Ricciardi & al. 2000, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b, 2011, Catalano & al. 2012, 2016, Brunialti & al. 2013, Ravera & Brunialti 2013), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Paoli & al. 2006, Brackel 2011), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Grillo & al. 1996, 2002, Ottonello & Romano 1997, Grillo 1998, Poli & Grillo 2000, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Caniglia & Grillo 2006b, Stofer 2006, Brackel 2008c, Ottonello & al. 2011, Cataldo & Cannavò 2014).
Description: Thallus crustose, granulose to slightly verruculose, usually up to 0.5 mm thick, whitish to grey-green, dull, epruinose. Medulla white, I-. Apothecia lecideine (0.2-)0.3-0.4(-0.6) mm across, soon sessile, with an initially flat, but soon convex disc and a thin, soon excluded margin. Proper exciple narrow, poorly differentiated, the outer hyphae parallel, moderately swollen and usually strongly brown-pigmented; epithecium brown; hymenium colourless, not inspersed with oil droplets; paraphyses simple to moderately branched, apically swollen, with a brown pigment cap; hypothecium pale to dark brown. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Bacidia-type. Ascospores 1-septate, brown, ellipsoid with obtuse ends, usually slightly curved, not constricted at septum, 12-15 x 6-8(-10) µm, with a smooth wall. Pycnidia urceolate to globose, unilocular. Conidia short-filiform, curved, 12-15(-20) x 0.5-1 µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus and medulla K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a very poorly understood taxon; in its present circumscription, an almost cosmopolitan lichen found on a wide variety of substrata, including bark, lignum, siliceous rocks, roofing tiles and brick. The Italian material is very heterogeneous and in need of revision.
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Poorly known taxon in need of further study

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: extremely rare
Montane belt: rare
Submediterranean belt: rather common
Padanian area: very rare
Humid submediterranean belt: common
Humid mediterranean belt: rather common
Dry mediterranean belt: extremely rare


pH of the substrata:

(info)

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5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

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Aridity:

(info)

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Eutrophication:

(info)

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5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

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Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

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Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43.097' N, 27°17.222' W, ca. 520 m, leg. et det. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008.



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (14487)
2001/11/21



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (21008)
2002/05/14



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (29980)
2002/12/03



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (38149)
2008.02.23



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (27283)
2008.03.03



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (27283)
2008.03.03



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (36013)
2008.03.03



Domenico Puntillo; Owner: Domenico Puntillo
Italy



Domenico Puntillo; Owner: Domenico Puntillo
Italy



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste, Opicina, Viale alberato sulla strada per Monrupino
17/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste, Opicina, Viale alberato sulla strada per Monrupino
17/02/2017



Andrea Moro; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Trieste, Trieste, Opicina, Viale alberato sulla strada per Monrupino
17/02/2017



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Paneveggio, Reg. Trentino-Alto Adige Prov. Trento, Italy.
2006



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43.097' N, 27°17.222' W, ca. 520 m, leg. et det. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008.



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (36013)
2008.03.03



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[16541], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis, an der Straße von Hornberg nach Schramberg, Abbiegung zum Käppelehof. 48,22853° N, 8,31805° E, 670 m. An Granit. Leg. et det. Schumm 07.07.2010.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[16541], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis, an der Straße von Hornberg nach Schramberg, Abbiegung zum Käppelehof. 48,22853° N, 8,31805° E, 670 m. An Granit. Leg. et det. Schumm 07.07.2010.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[16541], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis, an der Straße von Hornberg nach Schramberg, Abbiegung zum Käppelehof. 48,22853° N, 8,31805° E, 670 m. An Granit. Leg. et det. Schumm 07.07.2010.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[16541], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis, an der Straße von Hornberg nach Schramberg, Abbiegung zum Käppelehof. 48,22853° N, 8,31805° E, 670 m. An Granit. Leg. et det. Schumm 07.07.2010.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[16541], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis, an der Straße von Hornberg nach Schramberg, Abbiegung zum Käppelehof. 48,22853° N, 8,31805° E, 670 m. An Granit. Leg. et det. Schumm 07.07.2010.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[17983], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, südlich von Faurndau im Pfuhlbachtel, an Zaunpfählen aus Holz; 48.69490° N, 9.61878 ° E, 320 m. Leg. Schumm 21.04.2012, det. Schum



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[17983], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, südlich von Faurndau im Pfuhlbachtel, an Zaunpfählen aus Holz; 48.69490° N, 9.61878 ° E, 320 m. Leg. Schumm 21.04.2012, det. Schum



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[17983], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, südlich von Faurndau im Pfuhlbachtel, an Zaunpfählen aus Holz; 48.69490° N, 9.61878 ° E, 320 m. Leg. Schumm 21.04.2012, det. Schum



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[17983], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, südlich von Faurndau im Pfuhlbachtel, an Zaunpfählen aus Holz; 48.69490° N, 9.61878 ° E, 320 m. Leg. Schumm 21.04.2012, det. Schum



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[17983], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, südlich von Faurndau im Pfuhlbachtel, an Zaunpfählen aus Holz; 48.69490° N, 9.61878 ° E, 320 m. Leg. Schumm 21.04.2012, det. Schum



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[17983], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, südlich von Faurndau im Pfuhlbachtel, an Zaunpfählen aus Holz; 48.69490° N, 9.61878 ° E, 320 m. Leg. Schumm 21.04.2012, det. Schum



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[17983], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, südlich von Faurndau im Pfuhlbachtel, an Zaunpfählen aus Holz; 48.69490° N, 9.61878 ° E, 320 m. Leg. Schumm 21.04.2012, det. Schum



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[17983], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Göppingen, südlich von Faurndau im Pfuhlbachtel, an Zaunpfählen aus Holz; 48.69490° N, 9.61878 ° E, 320 m. Leg. Schumm 21.04.2012, det. Schum



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[14176], Portugal, Azoren, Terceira, Lagoa da Falca, 38°43,097' N, 27°17,222' W, ca. 520 m. Leg. Aptroot & Schumm 16.07.2008


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41412



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41412



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41412