Dermatocarpon moulinsii (Mont.) Zahlbr.

in Engler & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam., 1: 60, 1903. Basionym: Endocarpon moulinsii Mont. - Annl. Sc. Nat. Bot., ser. 2, 20: 358, 1843.
Synonyms: Endocarpon miniatum var. exasperatum A. Massal.
Distribution: N - Frl (Breuss 1995), Ven, TAA (Breuss 1995), Piem, Lig (Giordani & Brunialti 2000). C - Sar (ASU 538417 det. B.D. Ryan).
Description: Thallus foliose-umbilicate, monophyllous, 15-32 mm wide, attached by a central holdfast. Upper surface grey; lower surface pale to dark brown, with 30-70 µm thick rhizinomorphs lacking an inner medullary layer. Upper cortex 70-100 µm thick, hyaline except the brown outermost part, with an epinecral layer of air-filled hyphae; medulla white, 110-220 µm thick; lower cortex 50-70 µm thick, hyaline except the brown outermost part. Perithecia obpyriform to globose, immersed, without involucrellum, the wall colourless except in the brown uppermost part Hamathecium or periphyses and periphysoids, interascal filaments absent; hymenial jelly hemiamyloid. Asci 8-spored, clavate or subcylindrical, the wall thickened above, not amyloid. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid, 10-13 x 5-8 µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: cortex and and medulla K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-; medulla I+ red. Chemistry: no lichen substances.
Note: a silicicolous, holarctic species of periodically wetted rocks. The record from Venezia Giulia in Nimis (1993: 273) has been excluded, as it refers to a site outside the present borders of Italy.
Growth form: Foliose, umbilicate
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: very rare
Subalpine belt: rare
Oromediterranean belt: extremely rare
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Aridity:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

1

2

3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5





Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[LIAF_23], Afghanistan, Prov. Kabul, Paghman-Gebirge, oberhalb des Ortes Paghman, ca. 500 m unterhalb der Talgabelung Chap-Darrah und Rast-Darrah, 68°56’E, 34°37’ N, 2540 m. Leg. D. Podlech (Pod 57/2), 10.04.1977. LICHENOTHECA AFGHANICA NR. 23.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[LIAF_23], Afghanistan, Prov. Kabul, Paghman-Gebirge, oberhalb des Ortes Paghman, ca. 500 m unterhalb der Talgabelung Chap-Darrah und Rast-Darrah, 68°56’E, 34°37’ N, 2540 m. Leg. D. Podlech (Pod 57/2), 10.04.1977. LICHENOTHECA AFGHANICA NR. 23.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[LIAF_24], Afghanistan, Prov. Kabul, Paghman-Gebirge, oberhalb des Ortes Paghman, an der Talgabelung Chap-Darrah und Rast-Darrah, 68°56’E, 34°37’ N, 2550 m. Leg. M. Steiner (Ste 36/1, 37/1, 59/4), 21.06.1970. LICHENOTHECA AFGHANICA NR. 24.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[LIAF_24], Afghanistan, Prov. Kabul, Paghman-Gebirge, oberhalb des Ortes Paghman, an der Talgabelung Chap-Darrah und Rast-Darrah, 68°56’E, 34°37’ N, 2550 m. Leg. M. Steiner (Ste 36/1, 37/1, 59/4), 21.06.1970. LICHENOTHECA AFGHANICA NR. 24.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[LIAF_24], Afghanistan, Prov. Kabul, Paghman-Gebirge, oberhalb des Ortes Paghman, an der Talgabelung Chap-Darrah und Rast-Darrah, 68°56’E, 34°37’ N, 2550 m. Leg. M. Steiner (Ste 36/1, 37/1, 59/4), 21.06.1970. LICHENOTHECA AFGHANICA NR. 24.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[LIAF_24], Afghanistan, Prov. Kabul, Paghman-Gebirge, oberhalb des Ortes Paghman, an der Talgabelung Chap-Darrah und Rast-Darrah, 68°56’E, 34°37’ N, 2550 m. Leg. M. Steiner (Ste 36/1, 37/1, 59/4), 21.06.1970. LICHENOTHECA AFGHANICA NR. 24.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[LIAF_24], Afghanistan, Prov. Kabul, Paghman-Gebirge, oberhalb des Ortes Paghman, an der Talgabelung Chap-Darrah und Rast-Darrah, 68°56’E, 34°37’ N, 2550 m. Leg. M. Steiner (Ste 36/1, 37/1, 59/4), 21.06.1970. LICHENOTHECA AFGHANICA NR. 24.