Diplotomma chlorophaeum (Leight.) Kr.P. Singh & S.R. Singh

Bull. Bot. Surv. India 26, 12: 64, 1985. Basionym: Lecidea chlorophaea Hepp ex Leight. - Lich. Fl. Gr. Brit.: 328, 1871.
Synonyms: Buellia chlorophaea (Leight.) Lettau; Buellia porphyrica (Arnold) Mong.; Buellia subambigua Werner; Diplotomma porphyricum Arnold; Diplotomma porphyricum var. cinereum Bagl.
Distribution: N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), TAA, Lomb (Delucchi & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Morisi & Sereno 1995, Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Fariselli & al. 2020), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc, Umb (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Rizzi & al. 2011, Giordani & al. 2013, Neuwirth 2018). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Nascimbene & al. 2021), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, Cataldo & Cannavò 2014).
Description: Thallus crustose, white to ochraceous, not pruinose, rimose or areolate, sometimes warted, forming small patches (1-2 cm diam.). Cortex colourless to pale grey, without distinct structure; medulla white. Apothecia lecideine, first immersed, then subsessile, 0.2-0.7 mm across, with a flat to convex, usually not pruinose, black disc, a thin, often poorly visible proper margin, and sometimes a pseudothalline margin in young apothecia. Proper exciple brown in outer part, paler brown within; epithecium brown; hymenium 55 110 μm tall, colourless, KI+ blue; paraphyses simple, capitate, 1-2 μm wide at base, 4-5 μm wide at apex; hypothecium pale to dark brown. Asci 8-spored, narrowly clavate to clavate, with a thick apex, amyloid, with a distinct axial mass, Bacidia-type. Ascospores 5-septate to submuriform, usually with 3 transverse septa and 1-2 longitudinal septa, brown, ellipsoid, thick-walled, 15-20(-27) x 7-12 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: cortex K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-; medulla K+ red, C-, KC-, P+ yellow-orange, UV-. Chemistry: medulla with norstictic acid.
Note: a temperate, perhaps holarctic early coloniser of basic siliceous rocks and roofing tiles; overlooked, and certainly more widespread.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Pioneer species

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: rare
Padanian area: very rare
Humid submediterranean belt: rather rare
Humid mediterranean belt: rare
Dry mediterranean belt: very rare


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 34627



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (29704)
2001/11/24