Anaptychia runcinata (With.) J.R. Laundon

Lichenologist, 16: 225, 1984. Basionym: Lichen runcinatus With. - Bot. Arrang. Veget. Gr. Brit.: 712, 1776.
Synonyms: Anaptychia aquila (Ach.) A. Massal.; Anaptychia fusca (Huds.) Vain.; Parmelia aquila (Ach.) Ach.; Physcia aquila (Ach.) Nyl.; Physcia fusca (Huds.) A.L. Sm.; Pseudophyscia aquila (Ach.) Hue
Distribution: N - Emil (Fariselli & al. 2020), Lig (Tretiach 1993). C - Tosc (Tretiach 1993, Pišút 1997, Lastrucci & al. 2009, Helms & al. 2003), Laz (TSB 17739), Sar (Monte 1993, Tretiach 1993, Nöske 2000). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002), Cal (Tretiach 1993, Puntillo 1996), Si (Ottonello & Romano 1997, Merlo 2004, Ottonello & al. 2011).
Description: Thallus foliose, rather tightly attached, forming regular to irregular, often confluent rosettes to over 10 cm in diam. Lobes epruinose, brown to brown-black in exposed situations, dark olive-green when wet, often whitish but not pruinose at tips, 0.3-3(-5) mm wide, contiguous or often densely overlapping, especially in the central parts, without marginal cilia; lower surface corticate, prosoplectenchymatous, pale to dark brown, with simple, dark rhizines. Upper cortex prosoplectenchymatous, the hyphae running parallel to the surface; medulla white. Apothecia lecanorine, strongly constricted at base, often almost substipitate, 1-3(-5) mm across, with a dark brown to brown-black, epruinose disc, and a smooth to crenulate thalline margin. Epithecium brown; hymenium and hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-septate, brown, ellipsoid, (31-)34-45 x 17-23(-27) µm, Physconia-type. Pycnidia black, immersed in thalline warts. Conidia bacilliform. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus and medulla K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a Mediterranean-Atlantic, European species found in rather shaded situations with frequent humid winds on hard siliceous boulders, sometimes overgrowing epilithic mosses; most common along the Tyrrhenian coast, but also found in the montane belt of the Tyrrhenian mountains (e.g. M. Amiata in Toscana).
Growth form: Foliose, narrow lobed
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Humid mediterranean belt: rather common
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Aridity:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

1

2

3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5




Nere Sorrentino; Owner: Patrik Frödén, Botanical Museum (LD), Lund University, all rights reserved
Spain, Atlantic coast of Galicia
02.06.2020


Caterina Azara; Owner: Caterina Azara
Italy, Sardegna, Oristano, Luogosanto
2010


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
Image from: F. Schumm (2008) - Flechten Madeiras, der Kanaren und Azoren. Beck, OHG - ISBN: 978-3-00-023700-3



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Image from: F. Schumm (2008) - Flechten Madeiras, der Kanaren und Azoren. Beck, OHG - ISBN: 978-3-00-023700-3



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Image from: F. Schumm (2008) - Flechten Madeiras, der Kanaren und Azoren. Beck, OHG - ISBN: 978-3-00-023700-3



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Image from: F. Schumm (2008) - Flechten Madeiras, der Kanaren und Azoren. Beck, OHG - ISBN: 978-3-00-023700-3



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Image from: F. Schumm (2008) - Flechten Madeiras, der Kanaren und Azoren. Beck, OHG - ISBN: 978-3-00-023700-3



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Image from: F. Schumm (2008) - Flechten Madeiras, der Kanaren und Azoren. Beck, OHG - ISBN: 978-3-00-023700-3



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (10183)
2001/11/21
detail of lobes



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (10183)
2001/11/21
detail of apothecia


Nere Sorrentino; Owner: Patrik Frödén, Botanical Museum (LD), Lund University, all rights reserved
Spain, Atlantic coast of Galicia
02.06.2020


Nere Sorrentino; Owner: Patrik Frödén, Botanical Museum (LD), Lund University, all rights reserved
Spain, Atlantic coast of Galicia
02.06.2020


Nere Sorrentino; Owner: Patrik Frödén, Botanical Museum (LD), Lund University, all rights reserved
Spain, Atlantic coast of Galicia
02.06.2020


Caterina Azara; Owner: Caterina Azara
Italy, Sardegna, Oristano, Luogosanto
2010



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
TSB 37601