Lecidea auriculata subsp. auriculata Th. Fr.

N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 3, 3: 213, 1861.
Synonyms: Lecidea auriculata var. subinops Vain.; Lecidea bagliettoana Zahlbr.; Lecidea confoederans Nyl.; Lecidea interjecta Bagl. & Carestia non Nyl. nec (Müll. Arg.) Stizenb.
Distribution: N - TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2022), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, Isocrono & Piervittori 2008, Favero-Longo & al. 2006b), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Matteucci & al. 2015c).
Description: Thallus crustose, endosubstratic and poorly evident to thinly episubstratic and grey-white, rimose-areolate, with or without a dark prothallus. Medulla I+ blue. Apothecia lecideine, black, sessile and constricted at base, (0.6-)1-2.5(-4) mm across, with a concave to flat, epruinose or faintly pruinose disc, and a thick, raised, often becoming flexuose, persistent proper margin. Proper exciple 100-150 μm thick, partially extending below the hypothecium, dark brown to violet-brown in outer part, pale brown to pinkish brown within, of intricate-radiating, 2-3 μm thick, thin walled, loosely arranged hyphae, C-; epithecium blue-green to blackish green; hymenium colourless or pale green, 30-40(-50) μm high; paraphyses mostly simple, 1.3-2 µm thick at mid-level, the apical cells 3-4(-5) µm wide, with a dark green cap; hypothecium conspicuous, pale violet-brown, to 200 µm high. Asci 8-spored, narrowly clavate, thick-walled, with a K/I+ pale blue tholus and a strongly amyloid, thin apical cushion, surrounded by a I+ blue outer layer, Lecidea-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, narrowly ellipsoid with abruptly truncate ends, 6-11 x 2-4 μm, 2.5-4 times as long as wide. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Pycnidia immersed. Conidia bacilliform, 10-15 μm long. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: confluentic acid, glomeriferic acid (trace), 2-0-methylconfluentic acid (trace), 2'-0-methylanziaic acid (trace).
Note: a much misunderstood circumpolar, arctic-alpine species (Hertel 2006) found on siliceous rocks in wind-exposed, sunny situations, in the high-Alpine belt of humid mountains; much rarer in the Alps than the closely related L. promiscens; Italian records need to be checked against that species.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: rather rare
Subalpine belt: very rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:


Solar irradiation:








Altitudinal distribution:


Predictive model
Herbarium samples

P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 21564

P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (21564)

P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 34350