Lecidea nylanderi (Anzi) Th. Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 1, 2: 462, 1874. Basionym: Biatora nylanderi Anzi - Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 75, 1860.
Synonyms: Lecidea leprodea Nyl.
Distribution: N - Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2007b, 2014, Nascimbene 2014), Lomb.
Description: Thallus crustose, endosubstratic to episubstratic, to several dm in diameter, sorediate, often delimited by a bluish prothallus. Esorediate areoles bluish grey, often indistinct or absent, up to 0.2 mm in diam., irregular to rounded in outline, convex, soon bursting apically into soralia. Soredia bluish grey (greenish or whitish in shaded situations), sometimes tinged brown, soon confluent and forming a subleprose crust. Soredia farinose, sometimes gathered in consoredia, 20-60 μm in diam. Apothecia rare, lecideine, rounded to deformed, to 0.2-0.8(-1) mm across, with a reddish brown to blackish brown, flat to slightly convex disc, and a thin, paler brown, finally often excluded margin. Excipulum pale brown in section, of radiating hyphae; epithecium orange brown, inspersed with granules; hymenium colourless, c. 50 µm high; paraphyses adglutinated, simple or weakly branched and anastomosing, 0.7-1 µm thick at base, the tips swollen and 2.5-4 µm thick; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Bacidia-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, globose, 5-7.5 µm wide. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV+ white. Chemistry: divaricatic acid.
Note: a probably circumboreal-montane lichen found on the bark old conifers inside forests, much more rarely on lignum, usually in upland areas. The species, related to Myochroidea leprosula (Printzen 1995), does not belong to Lecidea s.str.: Schmull & al. (2011) presented a phylogenetic tree where it is placed within Lecanoraceae.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by soredia, or soredia-like structures (e.g. blastidia)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

12345

Solar irradiation:

12345

Aridity:

12345

Eutrophication:

12345

Poleotolerance:

0123

Altitudinal distribution:

123456


Predictive model
Herbarium samples


P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 29491



Pier Luigi Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41631



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37968



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37968



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (29491)
2003/03/19


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/