Myochroidea porphyrospoda (Anzi) Printzen, T. Sprib. & Tønsberg

Lichenologist, 40: 201, 2008. Basionym: Biatora porphyrospoda Anzi - Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 2: 13, 1864.
Synonyms: Lecidea porphyrospoda (Anzi) Th. Fr.
Distribution: N - Lomb (Hinteregger 1994, Anzi Lich. Lang. 339: Printzen 1995).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, beige, ochre or greyish brown. greenish in shaded situations, of scattered to contiguous, irregular, 0.05-0.3 mm wide, weakly to strongly convex, frequently crenate, sorediate areoles, often delimited by a whitish prothallus; soralia irregular in outline, poorly delimited, 0.4-1 mm in diam., brown in exposed parts, whitish within, appearing greenish in shade, often coalescing into a subleprose crust. Apothecia rare, biatorine, rounded to irregular in outline, sessile and constricted at base, 0.4-1.2 mm across, with a reddish brown, flat to strongly convex, often tuberculate disc, and a concolorous or paler, weakly raised, finally often excluded proper margin. Proper exciple orange-brown in outer part, colourless or pale yellow within, with small granules, of strongly gelatinized, radiating hyphae; epithecium pale orange brown to reddish brown, granulose, the granules sometimes streaking into the hymenium; hymenium colourless, 55-85 µm high; paraphyses sparingly branched and anastomosing, c. 1 µm thick at mid-level, the apical cells to 2.5 µm wide; hypothecium colourless or pale yellowish. Asci 8-spored, cylindrical-clavate, the I+ blue tholus with a wide, I+ dark blue tube structure that expands towards the top, without a pale axial body, approaching the Micarea-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid, 11.5-15.5 x (5-)6-7(-8) µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV+ white. Chemistry: lobaric acid.
Note: a mainly boreal-montane, probably circumpolar lichen found especially on basal parts of trunks, on bark, sometimes on lignum, mostly in upland areas; probably more widespread in the Alps.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: extremely rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model

Leif Stridvall http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php


Author: Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php