Haematomma nemetzii J. Steiner

in Fritsch, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-naturwiss. Kl., 68: 230, tab. I, fig. 4, a-c, 1899.
Synonyms:
Distribution:
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, rimose-areolate, 0.3-1 mm thick, whitish, yellowish white or pale grey-brown, usually delimited by a whitish prothallus, the areoles flat ot irregularly convex, often forming large patches. Apothecia lecanorine, up to 2.5 mm across, round to irregular in outline, at first slightly immersed in the thallus, later subsessile, rarely constricted at base, with an orange-red to blood-red, epruinose, flat to finally convex disc, and a smooth to verruculose, finally rarely excluded thalline margin. Proper exciple thin, usually not visible externally; epithecium red-brown, K+ dark purple-red; hymenium pale yellowish, rarely colourless, 150-180 µm high, the pigmented parts K/I+ blue; paraphyses branched and anastomosing, c. 1 µm thick at base, the apical cells slightly wider; hypothecium thick, more or less colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, with an amyloid apical dome. Ascospores 3-4(-7)-septate, hyaline, fusiform, pointed at both ends but often thicker at one end, straight or curved, 27-42(-50) x 5-8 μm. Pycnidia bright orange-red, immersed or slightly projecting in small thalline warts, up to 0.3 mm wide. Conidia strongly curved, 13-22 x X 0.8-1(-1.5) μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: cortex K+ pale yellow, C-, KC-, P+ pale yellow. Chemistry: thallus with atranorin, sometimes with additional psoromic acid. Apothecia with anthraquinones (nemetzone)
Note: a mainly eastern Mediterranean species known from Croatia, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Bulgaria and the Ukraine, found on more or less basic siliceous rocks, ususally below the montane belt. The species was never found in Italy, but its presence cannot be fully excluded, especially in the eastern portions of Calabria and Basilicata, where suitable substrata are present.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model


P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 31530



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[13552], Griechenland, S-Kreta, Asteroussia Berge, an der Straße 2 km hinter Miamou in Richtung Platanos, 500 m, Felsen in Oleahain. Leg. F. Schumm & R. Düll, 23.10.2007, det. K. Kalb 7.7.2018.



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[11974], Türkei, Southwest Anatolia, Province of Mugla, Pinus nigra dominated pinewood in the fog-belt around Kosantepe Pass at Besparmak Dag between Narhisar and Cukurköy, covering larger rain-protected, overhanging gneissose rocks, 850 m. Leg. V. John 03.1983, det. V. John. Ex Follmann: Nr. 547 Lichenes Exsciccati Selecti Ab Instituto Botanico Universitatis Coloniensis Editi. (test TLC Schumm).



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[11974], Türkei, Southwest Anatolia, Province of Mugla, Pinus nigra dominated pinewood in the fog-belt around Kosantepe Pass at Besparmak Dag between Narhisar and Cukurköy, covering larger rain-protected, overhanging gneissose rocks, 850 m. Leg. V. John 03.1983, det. V. John. Ex Follmann: Nr. 547 Lichenes Exsciccati Selecti Ab Instituto Botanico Universitatis Coloniensis Editi. (test TLC Schumm).



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[11974], Türkei, Southwest Anatolia, Province of Mugla, Pinus nigra dominated pinewood in the fog-belt around Kosantepe Pass at Besparmak Dag between Narhisar and Cukurköy, covering larger rain-protected, overhanging gneissose rocks, 850 m. Leg. V. John 03.1983, det. V. John. Ex Follmann: Nr. 547 Lichenes Exsciccati Selecti Ab Instituto Botanico Universitatis Coloniensis Editi. (test TLC Schumm).



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[11974], Türkei, Southwest Anatolia, Province of Mugla, Pinus nigra dominated pinewood in the fog-belt around Kosantepe Pass at Besparmak Dag between Narhisar and Cukurköy, covering larger rain-protected, overhanging gneissose rocks, 850 m. Leg. V. John 03.1983, det. V. John. Ex Follmann: Nr. 547 Lichenes Exsciccati Selecti Ab Instituto Botanico Universitatis Coloniensis Editi. (test TLC Schumm).



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[11974], Türkei, Southwest Anatolia, Province of Mugla, Pinus nigra dominated pinewood in the fog-belt around Kosantepe Pass at Besparmak Dag between Narhisar and Cukurköy, covering larger rain-protected, overhanging gneissose rocks, 850 m. Leg. V. John 03.1983, det. V. John. Ex Follmann: Nr. 547 Lichenes Exsciccati Selecti Ab Instituto Botanico Universitatis Coloniensis Editi. (test TLC Schumm).



Felix Schumm – CC BY-SA 4.0
[11974], Türkei, Southwest Anatolia, Province of Mugla, Pinus nigra dominated pinewood in the fog-belt around Kosantepe Pass at Besparmak Dag between Narhisar and Cukurköy, covering larger rain-protected, overhanging gneissose rocks, 850 m. Leg. V. John 03.1983, det. V. John. Ex Follmann: Nr. 547 Lichenes Exsciccati Selecti Ab Instituto Botanico Universitatis Coloniensis Editi. (test TLC Schumm).



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (31530)
2003/03/19