Erichansenia epithallina (Lynge) S. Y. Kondr., Kärnefelt & A. Thell

Acta Bot. Hung., 62. 120, 2020.. Basionym: Caloplaca epithallina Lynge - Skr. Svalb. og Ishavet, 81: 113, 1940.
Synonyms: Caloplaca epithallina Lynge
Distribution: N - TAA.
Description: Thallus crustose, endosubstratic, forming paler patches on the thallus of the host lichens, or inapparent. Apothecia zeorine, 0.3-0.8(-1) mm across, often clustered in small groups, sessile, slightly to strongly constricted at base, with a flat to convex, dark orange to rusty red, often blackening, finely granulose disc, and a persistent to excluded, smooth to rough, often darkened margin. Proper exciple 20-120 μm wide, with many algal cells, the outer part corticate, almost black in mature apothecia, inner part prosoplectenchymatous, strongly glutinized, hyaline, not amyloid; epithecium yellowish orange to ferruginous red, K+ red, C+ purple in section; hymenium colourless, 50-60 μm high, not amyloid; paraphyses branched in upper part, the terminal cells swollen, 3-4 μm wide; hypothecium colourless. Asci (6-)8-spored, clavate, Teloschistes-type. Ascospores 1-septate, polarilocular, hyaline, broadly ellipsoid, (9-)11-13 x 5.5-8 μm, the septum 2-4 μm thick (c. half of spore length). Thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-; apothecia K+ red, C+ purple in section. Chemistry: apothecia with chlorinated and unchlorinated anthraquinones: 7-Cl-emodin (major), parietin (subdominant), emodin (minor), 7-Cl-emodinal (minor), 2 unknown compounds (minor).
Note: a rather continental species found on sunny surfaces of siliceous rocks, e.g. on isolated boulders in grasslands, restricted to dry-continental Alpine valleys in Italy.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Subcontinental: restricted to areas with a dry-subcontinental climate (e.g. dry Alpine valleys, parts of Mediterranean Italy)
paras crustose and foliose lichens

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: extremely rare
Subalpine belt: very rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model


Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (17888)
2001/12/18



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (17888)
2001/11/13



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19394], U.S.A. Wyoming, Park Co., Yellowstone National Park, west end of Lamar Canyon, 9.6 km E of Tower Junction, on south facing hillside with granitic glacial, 256 m, 44°55'13'' N, 110°18'07'' W. Leg. C. Wetmore (Nr. 81233), 25. July 1998 det. C. Wetmore. TELOSCH. EXS NR. 105



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19394], U.S.A. Wyoming, Park Co., Yellowstone National Park, west end of Lamar Canyon, 9.6 km E of Tower Junction, on south facing hillside with granitic glacial, 256 m, 44°55'13'' N, 110°18'07'' W. Leg. C. Wetmore (Nr. 81233), 25. July 1998 det. C. Wetmore. TELOSCH. EXS NR. 105



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
Locality: [19576], Jugoslavia, Macedonia, Bitola, montes Baba, regio montis Pelister, in rupibus Jorgov kamen dictis, alt. 1800 m, ad saxa schistosa, in thallo lichenis sp. div. vigens. Leg. A. Vezda, 12.07.1975. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1344.,