Nephromopsis chlorophylla (Willd.) Divakar, A. Crespo & Lumbsch

in Divakar & al., Fungal Diversity, 84: 112, 2017. Basionym: Lichen chlorophyllus Willd. - in Humboldt, Fl. Frib. Spec.: 20, 1793.
Synonyms: Cetraria chlorophylla (Willd.) Vain.; Cetraria chlorophylla var. klementii (Servít) H. Magn.; Cetraria scutata auct. non (Wulfen) Poetsch; Platysma chlorophyllum (Willd.) Vain.; Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla (Willd.) Hale
Distribution: N - Frl (Tretiach & Molaro 2007), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2000b, 2002c, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, Nascimbene 2011, Brackel 2013), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003, 2006b, 2006c, 2008b, 2014, 2014c, Gottardini & al. 2004, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e, 2007b, 2009, 2010, 2014, Stofer 2006, Nascimbene & Marini 2015, Nimis & al. 2015, Trindade & al. 2021), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Alessio & al. 1995, Dalle Vedove & al. 2004, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, Brackel 2010, Matteucci & al. 2008, Gheza 2019), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, Isocrono & Piervittori 2008), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Matteucci & al. 2008c), Emil (Fariselli & al. 2020), Lig (Brunialti & al. 2001, 2002). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Benesperi 2011), Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Potenza 2006, Potenza & Fascetti 2012), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Rico & al. 2005, Incerti & Nimis 2006), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994).
Description: Thallus foliose to subfruticose, rather loosely attached, forming regular or more often irregular, up to 7 cm wide tufts. Lobes strap-shaped, at first adpressed, then ascending and free, irregularly branched, 1-4(-6) mm wide at base, narrowing towards tips, weakly channelled to flat, with scattered, grey to brownish marginal soralia, especially towards lobe tips. Upper surface pale brown to olive-brown, somewhat glossy, rather smooth; lower surface paler brown to whitish, wrinkled or sulcate, with a few punctiform, c. 0.1 mm wide, often poorly visible pseudocyphellae and rather scarce, pale rhizines toward the base. Upper and lower cortex paraplectenchymatous, the upper cortex covered with a thin, pigmented epicortex consisting of 1-2 layers of densely packed isodiametric cells; medulla white, rather loose. Apothecia extremely rare (not observed in Italian material), lateral and marginal, lecanorine, up to 3 mm across, with a brown disc and a sorediate thalline margin. Asci 8-spored, cylindrical-clavate, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, globose, c. 5 μm in diam. Pycnidia black, immersed in marginal projections. Conidia dumbbell-shaped (thickened at both ends), 5-6 x c. 1.5 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: cortex and medulla K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: protolichesterinic acid.
Note: on isolated conifers (e.g. Larix in the subalpine belt), more rarely on old acid-barked deciduous trees in montane forests; most frequent in the Alps, rarer in the mountains of southern Italy.
Growth form: Foliose, broad lobed
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by soredia, or soredia-like structures (e.g. blastidia)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: rather rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model
Herbarium samples

Andres Saag; Owner: University of Tartu



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (15111)
2001/12/05
detail of lobe seen from below, with marginal soralia


Triin Aimla; Owner: University of Tartu


Nere Sorrentino
Spain


Nere Sorrentino
Spain


Nere Sorrentino
Spain


Nere Sorrentino
Spain


Hillmann J. 1936. Parmeliaceae. In: Rabenhorst’s Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. 2nd, IX, Die Flechten, Abt. 5, 3. Borntraeger\Leipzig, pp. 1-309.


Hillmann J. 1936. Parmeliaceae. In: Rabenhorst’s Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. 2nd, IX, Die Flechten, Abt. 5, 3. Borntraeger\Leipzig, pp. 1-309.


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/