Fellhanera bouteillei (Desm.) Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 21: 214, 1986. Basionym: Parmelia bouteillei Desm. - Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot., ser. 3: 8, 1847.
Synonyms: Biatorina bouteillei (Desm.) Bausch; Biatorina littorella (Nyl.) A.L. Sm.; Catillaria bouteillei (Desm.) Zahlbr.; Catillaria rubicola (P. Crouan & H. Crouan) H. Olivier; Lecidea littorella Nyl.
Distribution: N - Ven, TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2014, Nascimbene 2014), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Puntillo & Ottonello 1997), Umb (Ravera & al. 2011), Laz (Ravera 2006, 2006c). S - Camp (Puntillo & al. 2000, Puntillo 2000, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo & Vezda 1994, Puntillo 1995, 1996, 2000, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, very thin to rather thick, continuous to verruculose-rimose, greenish white, grey-green ot bluish grey, minutely granular being completely covered in farinose soredia. Apothecia rare, sessile, 0.1-0.3(-0.4) mm across, with a white-pinkish to pale orange, concave to finally convex disc, and a white, more or less regular, wavy, finally excluded proper margin. Exciple and epithecium colourless; hymenium colourless, 30-50 µm high; paraphyses simple or branched in upper part, 0.5-1 µm thick at base, widening to 2 µm at the tips; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, with a K/I+ blue apical dome containing a darker blue tubular ring-structure, and an amyloid coat. Ascospores 1-septate, hyaline, ellipsoid to sole-shaped, sometimes slightly constricted at septum and with unequal cells, 9-15 x 3-6 µm. Pycnidia prominent, whitish, bottle-shaped, with a short neck and a gaping ostiole. Conidia pyriform, 3-4 x 1.3-1.7 µm. Photobiont: chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: usnic and isousnic acids, zeorine, variable amounts of asemone.
Note: a temperate to southern boreal-montane species found on leaves and twigs of conifers (especially Abies in the Alps), but also on evergreen Mediterranean trees and shrubs (e.g. Buxus, Ilex) in very humid situations. F. gyrophorica Sérus., Coppins, Diederich & Scheid. is known from eastern central Europe; North Italian records should be checked against that species. The species is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Near-threatened” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: extremely rare
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

12345

Solar irradiation:

12345

Aridity:

12345

Eutrophication:

12345

Poleotolerance:

0123

Altitudinal distribution:

123456


Predictive model
Herbarium samples


P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 9493


Andres Saag; Owner: University of Tartu


Andres Saag; Owner: University of Tartu



Domenico Puntillo; Owner: Domenico Puntillo
Italy



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
14562 - Seychelles, Mahe



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
14562 - Seychelles, Mahe



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
14562 - Seychelles, Mahe



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
14562 - Seychelles, Mahe



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 31879



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41226



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41226



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41226