Halecania elaeiza (Nyl.) M. Mayrhofer

Herzogia, 7: 395, 1987. Basionym: Lecanora elaeiza Nyl. - Flora, 57: 308, 1874.
Synonyms:
Distribution: N - TAA.
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, continuous to rimose-areolate, dirty white to yellowish brown. Apothecia lecanorine, 0.3-0.8 mm across, with an expanded, reddish brown to dark brown, flat to slightly convex disc, a thin, persistent, entire thalline margin, and an evident parathecial ring. Thalline exciple corticate, with a few algae in the medulla; proper exciple paraplectenchymatous, dark brown in outer part, paler within; epithecium brown to orange-brown, with a sparse brown epipsamma; hymenium colourless, 50-60 µm high; paraphyses mostly simple, the apical cells clearly swollen, with a dark cap; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate to subcylindrical, with a K/I+ blue outer coat and a K/I+ uniformly blue apical dome, Catillaria-type. Ascospores 1-septate, hyaline, ellipsoid, 12-15 x 5.5-7 µm including the gelatinous perispore which tends to be markedly thicker near the septum. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a species with relatively small ascospores (< 15 µm long), found on calcareous rocks in upland areas, altogether rare in central and eastern Europe; the localities are in Austria, but not far from the Italian border.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: very rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: extremely rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model

Harrie Sipman http://www.bgbm.fu-berlin.de/sipman/Zschackia/AegeanLichens/CaloplacaAC.htm - As Caloplaca oasis


Harrie Sipman – Source http://www.bgbm.fu-berlin.de/sipman/Zschackia/AegeanLichens/CaloplacaAC.htm - As Caloplaca oasis


LITERATURE