Hymenelia cyanocarpa (Anzi) Lutzoni

in Lutzoni & Brodo, Bryologist, 20: 250, 1995. Basionym: Aspicilia cyanocarpa Anzi - Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 3: 145, 1862.
Synonyms: Ionaspis cyanocarpa (Anzi) Th. Fr.
Distribution: N - TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2007b), Lomb.
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, grey-white to pinkish grey, continuous to finely rimose-areolate, the areoles angular, slightly concave to flat, often delimited by a whitish prothallus. Apothecia circular in outline, semi-immersed in the thallus, 0.3-0.5 mm across, with a concave to flat, blue-black disc, and a more or less prominent, black, thalline margin. Epithecium blue-green, N+ purple-red, K+ intensifying green; hymenium colourless, 85-100 µm high; paraphyses mostly simple, submoniliform in upper part, not swollen at apices; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, cylindrical-clavate, the outer wall K/I+ blue, but the inner walls and apical dome K/I-. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid, 9-12(-14) x 5-8.5 µm. Pycnidia usually numerous, black, the wall green, N+ red. Conidia bacilliform. Photobiont trentepohlioid, the cells 10-18 µm wide. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: on periodically inundated, hard siliceous rocks, with optimum above treeline: probably more widespread in the Alps.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Periodically submerged (e.g. in creeks)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: rare
Subalpine belt: very rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:


Solar irradiation:








Altitudinal distribution:


Predictive model
Herbarium samples

P.L. Nimis CC BY SA 4.0
TSB 2560

P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (2560)

Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 2560

Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 2560

Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 2560

Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 2560

Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 2560


Jorgensen, PM (1989) Notes on the lichen genus Ionaspis in Scandinavia. Graphis Scripta

Lutzoni, FM/ Brodo, IM (1995) A generic redelimitation of the Ionaspis-Hymenelia complex (lichenized Ascomycotina). Systematic Botany http://www.lutzonilab.net/data/23LutBrodo_SysBot1995.pdf

Alstrup, V/ Hansen, ES (2001) New lichens and lichenicolous fungi from Greenland. Graphis Scripta https://nhm2.uio.no/botanisk/lav/RLL/PDF/R22644.pdf

Hafellner, J/ Obermayer, W/ Breuss, O/ Turk, R (2003) Flechtenfunde in den Schladminger Tauern in der Steiermark (BLAM-Exkursion 2001) [Lichen records from the Schladminger Tauern in Styria (BLAM-excursion 2001)]. Herzogia https://nhm2.uio.no/botanisk/lav/RLL/PDF1/R24755.pdf

Miller, N. G./ Fryday, A. M./ Hinds, J. W. (2005) Bryophytes and lichens of a calcium-rich spring seep isolated on the granitic terrain of Mt. Katahdin, Maine, U.S.A.. Rhodora

Fryday, A. M. (2006) New and interesting North America lichen records from the alpine and sub-alpine zones of Mt. Katahdin, Maine. The Bryologist