Lecanora expersa Nyl.

Flora, 58: 443, 1875.
Synonyms:
Distribution: N - Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007).
Description: Thallus crustose, whitish grey to pale greenish brown, thin, usually slightly pustulate to areolate-cracked, sometimes delimited by a black prothallus, sorediate. Soralia maculiform, rounded, whitish to yellowish white, distinctly paler than thallus, flat or concave when young, convex when old, 0.2-0.8 mm across, often delimited by a thalline rim; soredia farinose, 20-40 μm thick. Apothecia rarely present, lecanorine, sessile or immersed when young, 0.3-0.6 mm across, solitary or in small clusters, sometimes confluent, with a pinkish brown to brown-black, flat to convex, often finely pruinose disc, and a flexuose, uneven, finally often excluded thalline margin. Thalline exciple with a few large crystals visible under polarized light, indistinctly corticate or with a up to 40 µm thick cortex at base; epithecium orange-brown to brown, with sparse coarse granules dissolving in K and in N, located on the tips of paraphyses; hymenium colourless, 40-100 μm high; paraphyses branched, c. 2 µm thick, the apical cells only slightly swollen or to 4 µm wide; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, very thin-walled, with a K/I+ blue, tall tholus penetrated by a faintly amyloid apical cushion, the wall K/I-, surrounded by a blue outer layer, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid, 7-11 x 4-6 um. Pycnidia brown to brown-grey. Conidia filiform, straight to curved, 15-25 x 1-1.2 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: atranorin, nephrosteranic acid, sometimes roccellic acid and unidentified fatty acids.
Note: on acid bark; only recently found in the Italian Alps, this lichen is probably more widespread, especially in the subalpine belt. The Italian sample was collected on a snag of Larix. The species is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Data Deficient” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: lignum
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: very rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model


P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 33861



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 33861


LITERATURE


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