Lepraria nylanderiana Kümmerl. & Leuckert

Bibl. Lichenol., 58: 250, 1995.
Distribution: N - Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006, Favero-Longo & al. 2006b), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006, Fariselli & al. 2020). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006), Sar (Leuckert & al. 1995, Nöske 2000, Zedda 2000a, 2002, 2002b, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Cal (Baruffo & al. 2006).
Description: Thallus leprose, whitish to pale bluish grey, marginally more or less well-delimited, thick, often rosette-shaped and indistinctly lobulate, sometimes with a greyish hypothallus. Upper surface covered in a soft mass of coarse, 100-300 µm wide, soredia-like granules with short projecting hyphae. Hyphae of the thallus 3-5 µm thick. Medulla thick to thin and poorly defined, whitish, sometimes exposed in places. Photobiont chlorococcoid, the cells 7-15 µm in diam. Spot tests: K+ lemon-yellow, C-, KC-, P+ bright orange-yellow, UV-. Chemistry: thamnolic and roccellic (angardianic) acids, occasionally with traces of atranorin.
Note: on base-rich siliceous rocks and soil, including brick walls in archaeological areas, but also on bark; most frequent in Tyrrhenian Italy, much overlooked and/or misunderstood, certainly more common. According to Baruffo & al. (2006); it can be considered as a good indicator of long ecological continuity, since it always occurs in old and well-preserved forests.
Growth form: Leprose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly asexual, by soredia, or soredia-like structures (e.g. blastidia)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: rare
Humid mediterranean belt: very rare
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:


Solar irradiation:








Altitudinal distribution:


Predictive model
Herbarium samples

P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 32767

P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (32767)

P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 32767


Rasanen, V (1949) Lichenes novi. V. Arch. Soc. Zool. Bot. Fenn. 'Vanamo'

Leuckert, C/ Kummerling, H/ Wirth, V (1995) Chemotaxonomy of Lepraria Ach. and Leproloma Nyl. ex Crombie, with particular reference to Central Europe. Scripta Lichenologica - Lichenological Papers Dedicated to Antonin Vezda

Berger, F (1996) Neue und seltene Flechten und lichenicole Pilze aus Oberosterreich, Osterreich II [New and rare lichenized and lichenicolous fungi from Upper Austria, Austria II]. Herzogia https://www.schweizerbart.de/papers/herzogia/detail/12/100094/Neue_und_seltene_Flechten_und_lichenicole_Pilze_aus_Oberosterreich_Osterreich_II

van den Boom, PPG/ Breuss, O/ Spier, L/ Brand, AM (1996) Beitrag zur Flechtenflora Karntens Ergebnisse der Feldtagung der Bryologischen und Lichenologischen Arbeitsgruppe der KNNV in Weissbriach 1994. Linzer Biologische Beitrage

van den Boom, PPG/ Giralt, M (1996) Contribution to the flora of Portugal, lichens and lichenicolous fungi I. Nova Hedwigia

Lambley, PW (ed.) (1998) British Lichen Society Bulletin. No. 82. Winter 1998.

Mayrhofer, H./ Atanassova, A./ Nikolova, S.O./ Denchev, C.M. (2020) Additions to the lichenized and lichenicolous fungi in Bulgaria. Mycobiota