Mycocalicium subtile (Pers.) Szatala

Magyar Bot. Lapok, 24: 47, 1926. Basionym: Calicium subtile Pers. - Tent. Disp. Meth. Fung. Suppl.: 60, 1797.
Synonyms: Calicium minutellum Ach.; Calicium parietinum Ach.; Mycocalicium minutellum (Ach.) Nádv.; Mycocalicium parietinum (Ach.) Vain.
Distribution: N - Frl (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Ven (Nascimbene 2008c, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009, Nascimbene & al. 2013b), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2007b, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009, Nascimbene 2014, Nascimbene & Marini 2015), Lomb (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Marc (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Umb (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2008, Ravera & Genovesi 2008), Abr (Nascimbene & al. 2021), Mol (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Sar (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009). S - Bas (Puntillo & al. 2009, 2012), Cal (Puntillo 1994, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009).
Description: Thallus not evident, not lichenized. Apothecia stalked, black to dark brown, 0.4-0.8 mm high. Stalk consisting of periclinally arranged, dark greenish to brownish hyphae. Capitulum obconical to lenticular, 0.2-0.3 mm across, with a convex upper surface. Excipulum thin to rather thick; mazaedium absent; hypothecium dark brown. Asci cylindrical, 40-45 µm long, formed singly, with a single functional layer, strongly and uniformly thickened at apex, without a canal, with uniseriately arranged ascospores, persisting until the spores are mature. Ascospores 1-celled, dark brown, ellipsoid to fusiform, flattened, (5.5-)7-9 x (2.5-)3.5-4 µm, with a smooth or irregularly and minutely verrucose wall. Pycnidia black, with a distinct apical pore. Conidia more or less curved, pale brown, 4-5 x 1-1.5 µm. Photobiont absent. Spot tests: K-, C-, KC-, P- (but the stalk sometimes K+ slightly reddish). Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a saprophyte on dry, hard lignum, especially of conifers, in open situations, mostly in the montane and subalpine belts.
Growth form: Fungus
Substrata: lignum
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: rather rare
Oromediterranean belt: extremely rare
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model
Herbarium samples


Domenico Puntillo CC BY-SA 4.0



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[12653], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Sigmaringen, 4 km nördlich von Irndorf im Irndorfer Hardt, am Holz eines abgestorbenen Baumstammes, TK 7919. Leg. F. Schumm 20.09.2006, det. F. Schumm 2006.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[12653], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Sigmaringen, 4 km nördlich von Irndorf im Irndorfer Hardt, am Holz eines abgestorbenen Baumstammes, TK 7919. Leg. F. Schumm 20.09.2006, det. F. Schumm 2006.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[12653], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Sigmaringen, 4 km nördlich von Irndorf im Irndorfer Hardt, am Holz eines abgestorbenen Baumstammes, TK 7919. Leg. F. Schumm 20.09.2006, det. F. Schumm 2006.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[12653], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Sigmaringen, 4 km nördlich von Irndorf im Irndorfer Hardt, am Holz eines abgestorbenen Baumstammes, TK 7919. Leg. F. Schumm 20.09.2006, det. F. Schumm 2006.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[12653], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Sigmaringen, 4 km nördlich von Irndorf im Irndorfer Hardt, am Holz eines abgestorbenen Baumstammes, TK 7919. Leg. F. Schumm 20.09.2006, det. F. Schumm 2006.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[12653], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Sigmaringen, 4 km nördlich von Irndorf im Irndorfer Hardt, am Holz eines abgestorbenen Baumstammes, TK 7919. Leg. F. Schumm 20.09.2006, det. F. Schumm 2006.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[12653], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Sigmaringen, 4 km nördlich von Irndorf im Irndorfer Hardt, am Holz eines abgestorbenen Baumstammes, TK 7919. Leg. F. Schumm 20.09.2006, det. F. Schumm 2006.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[12653], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Sigmaringen, 4 km nördlich von Irndorf im Irndorfer Hardt, am Holz eines abgestorbenen Baumstammes, TK 7919. Leg. F. Schumm 20.09.2006, det. F. Schumm 2006.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[12653], Germany, Baden-Württemberg, Kreis Sigmaringen, 4 km nördlich von Irndorf im Irndorfer Hardt, am Holz eines abgestorbenen Baumstammes, TK 7919. Leg. F. Schumm 20.09.2006, det. F. Schumm 2006.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[20880], Austria, Kärnten, Eastern Alps, Koralpe, 14 km NE of the centre of Wolfsberg, path from Stoffhütte to Bärofen, 48°53'15'' n, 15°00'50'' E, 1560 m, on snag of Picea alba. Leg. J. Hafellner (no 70771) & L. Muggia, 25.06.2006, det. J. Hafellner.LICHENOTHECA GRAECENSIS NO. 488.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[20880], Austria, Kärnten, Eastern Alps, Koralpe, 14 km NE of the centre of Wolfsberg, path from Stoffhütte to Bärofen, 48°53'15'' n, 15°00'50'' E, 1560 m, on snag of Picea alba. Leg. J. Hafellner (no 70771) & L. Muggia, 25.06.2006, det. J. Hafellner.LICHENOTHECA GRAECENSIS NO. 488.



P.L. Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42028



P.L. Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42028



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (11505)
2001/12/05



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (15353)
2001/12/05