Lecidoma demissum (Rutstr.) Gotth. Schneid. & Hertel

in Hertel, Herzogia, 5: 460, 1981. Basionym: Lichen demissus Rutstr. - Spicil. Pl. Crypt. Suec.: 8, 1794.
Synonyms: Biatora atrorufa (Dicks.) Fr.; Biatora demissa (Rutstr.) Fr.; Lecidea atrorufa (Dicks.) Ach.; Lecidea demissa (Rutstr.) Ach.; Lepidoma demissum (Rutstr.) M. Choisy; Psora atrorufa (Dicks.) Hook.; Psora demissa (Rutstr.) Stein
Distribution: N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Lang 2009, Bilovitz & al. 2014), Lomb (Dalle Vedove & al. 2004, Brackel 2013), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, Isocrono & Piervittori 2008), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).
Description: Thallus crustose-subsquamulose, dark brown to grey-brown in shade, thick. Areoles 1-2(-4) mm broad, flat to convex, contiguous or slightly imbricate, forming an up to 8 cm wide, compact crust. Lower surface brown-black, tightly attached by black hyphae; cortex plectenchymatous; medulla white, I-. Apothecia biatorine, immersed to adnate, 0.5-3 mm across, often coalescing, with a dull brown-black (red-browm when wet), flat to weakly convex disc, and a thin, very soon excluded proper margin. Proper exciple pale brown in outer part, colourless within, of radially arranged, thin-walled hyphae; epithecium reddish brown; hymenium colourless, 55-70 µm high, I+ blue; paraphyses coherent, mostly simple, 2-3 µm thick at mid-level, the apical cells swollen, up to 4 µm wide, with a dark cap; hypothecium colourless. Asci clavate, thin-walled, with a I+ blue tholus and an internal, darker I+ tubular structure, the external gel I+ faintly blue, Porpidia-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, ellipsoid, (11-)12-16(-17) x 5-7 µm, thin-walled. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine lichen found on soil, rarely on siliceous rocks, in clearings of Alpine grasslands with a long snow-lie; most common in the Alps, but also occurring in the mountains of Calabria.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: soil, terricolous mosses, and plant debris
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: common
Subalpine belt: very common
Oromediterranean belt: very rare
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent

pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Predictive model
Herbarium samples

Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/



Domenico Puntillo; Owner: Domenico Puntillo
Italy


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php . Courtesy: Anita Stridvall



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (5275)
2001/11/26
detail of apothecium



Curtis Randall Björk – CC BY-SA 4.0
British Columbia, Wells Gray Provincial Park, Trophy Mountains Date: 2011-08-07 On soil in alpine heath, siliceous



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 38867



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41623



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 5275



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 36815


Walter Obermayer CC BY-SA 4.0 - Source: Lichens of Noricum - http://lichens-of-noricum.uni-graz.at/



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 38867


Courtesy Danièle et Olivier Gonnet - Source: https://www.afl-lichenologie.fr/Photos_AFL/Photos_AFL_L/Texte_L_3/Lecidoma_demissum.htm
France, Flaines, les grandes platières - Haute-Savoie
12/9/2015


Courtesy Danièle et Olivier Gonnet - Source: https://www.afl-lichenologie.fr/Photos_AFL/Photos_AFL_L/Texte_L_3/Lecidoma_demissum.htm
France, Flaines, les grandes platières - Haute-Savoie
12/9/2015


Courtesy Danièle et Olivier Gonnet - Source: https://www.afl-lichenologie.fr/Photos_AFL/Photos_AFL_L/Texte_L_3/Lecidoma_demissum.htm
France, Flaines, les grandes platières - Haute-Savoie
12/9/2015


Courtesy Danièle et Olivier Gonnet - Source: https://www.afl-lichenologie.fr/Photos_AFL/Photos_AFL_L/Texte_L_3/Lecidoma_demissum.htm
France, Flaines, les grandes platières - Haute-Savoie
12/9/2015


Courtesy Danièle et Olivier Gonnet - Source: https://www.afl-lichenologie.fr/Photos_AFL/Photos_AFL_L/Texte_L_3/Lecidoma_demissum.htm
France, Flaines, les grandes platières - Haute-Savoie
12/9/2015


LITERATURE


Choisy, M (1950) Catalogue des lichens de la region lyonnaise. [Fasc. 3]. Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. de Lyon

Hertel, H (1981) Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Flechtenfamilie Lecideaceae VIII. Herzogia https://nhm2.uio.no/botanisk/lav/RLL/PDF1/R8444.pdf

Ryan, BD/ Nash III, TH (1997) Placodioid taxa of Lecanoraceae sensu Zahlbr. (lichenized Ascomycotina) in North America: taxa excluded from Lecanora subg. Placodium. Nova Hedwigia

Makryi, T (1999) Lichens from Baikal region (Siberia) new to Russia. Cryptogamie, Mycologie

Zhurbenko, M/ Triebel, D (2003) Cercidospora lecidomae (Dothideales, Ascomycetes), a new lichenicolous fungus from the North Holarctic. Lichenological Contributions in Honour of G.B. Feige

Kison, H.-U./ Eckstein, J./ Seelemann, A./ Stordeur, R. (2016) First records and noteworthy lichens and lichenicolous fungi from the Harz and the northern prae-Harz (Saxony-Anhalt and Lower Saxony) [Erstnachweise und bemerkenswerte funde von flechten und lichenicolen pilzen im Harz und dem nordlichen Harzvorland (Sachsen-Anhalt und Niedersachsen)]. Herzogia

Peterson, E. (2017) Lecidoma demissum in the Trinity Alps Wilderness. Bulletin of the California Lichen Society