Arthrorhaphis aeruginosa R. Sant. & Tønsberg

Lichenologist, 26: 295, 1994.
Synonyms:
Distribution: N - TAA (Brackel 2015, 2016), Lomb (Brackel 2010, 2013), Piem (Motiejunaitè & Grochowski 2014, Brackel 2016). C - Tosc (Brackel 2015, 2016), Umb (Brackel 2015, 2016), Laz (Brackel 2015), Abr (Brackel 2015, 2016), Sar (Brackel & Berger 2019). S - Camp (Brackel 2016, 2021), Cal (Brackel & Puntillo 2016, Brackel 2016)
Description: Thallus inapparent, developing inside the thalli the host lichens and staining their surface blue-green, not lichenized. Apothecia lecideine, black, sessile to substipitate, up to 0.4 mm across, with a concave disc and a prominent, up to 0.08 mm wide proper margin. Proper exciple up to 30 μm wide laterally, the outer part more or less paraplectenchymatous, aeruginose brown, the the inner part much paler; epithecium pale green; hymenium colourless, inspersed with oil droplets, to 150 μm high, K/I-; paraphyses thread-like, c. 1 μm thick, free and lax, the apical cells hardly swollen; hypothecium colourless, up to 50 μm high. Asci 8-spored, subcylindrical to clavate, the wall of young asci with a poorly developed tholus and an ocular chamber, that of mature asci more or less uniformly thick throughout. Ascospores 12-18-septate, hyaline, needle like, parallel in the asci, 80-100(-120) x (2.5)3-4(-5) μm. Pycnidia rather common, black, up to 0.1 mm in diam., subglobose, the wall green. Conidia tear-shaped, 2.5-3 x c. 1.5 μm. Photobiont absent. Spot tests: aeruginose and brown parts of apothecia K-, N-. Chemistry: no lichen substances.
Note: a lichenicolous fungus with a worldwide distribution, most common in montane and boreal forests, growing on Cladonia-species.
Growth form: Lichenicolous fungus
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
paras Cladonia spp.

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: rare
Subalpine belt: rather common
Oromediterranean belt: rather rare
Montane belt: rather common
Submediterranean belt: very rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Harrie Sipman – Source http://www.bgbm.fu-berlin.de/sipman/Zschackia/AegeanLichens/CaloplacaAC.htm - As Caloplaca oasis