Brodoa intestiniformis (Vill.) Goward

Bryologist, 89: 222, 1986. Basionym: Lichen intestiniformis Vill. - Hist. Pl. Dauphiné, 3: 947, 1789.
Synonyms: Hypogymnia encausta (Sm.) Walt. Watson; Hypogymnia intestiniformis (Vill.) Räsänen; Imbricaria encausta (Sm.) DC.; Menegazzia encausta (Sm.) Navàs; Parmelia ceratophylla var. multipuncta (Ehrh.) Schaer.; Parmelia encausta (Sm.) Nyl.; Parmelia encausta var. multipuncta (Ehrh.) Th. Fr.; Parmelia intestiniformis (Vill.) Ach.
Distribution: N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2002c, Nascimbene 2006c, Lang 2009), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Dalle Vedove & al. 2004), Piem (Morisi & Sereno 1995, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006, Morisi 2005, Isocrono & Piervittori 2008, Favero-Longo & al. 2015), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Isocrono & al. 2008, Watson 2014, Matteucci & al. 2015c), Emil (Fariselli & al. 2020). C - Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).
Description: Thallus foliose, adnate, forming orbicular or irregular rosettes 2-5 cm in diam. Lobes up to c. 2.5 cm long, 0.5-1(-2) mm broad, more or less convex, stiff, contiguous or overlapping; center of thallus with narrower (0.2-0.4 mm), flattened secondary lobules which arise perpendicularly to the surface. Upper surface pale grey to brownish, darkening or blackening especially on the lobules and towards the tips, and there becoming shiny, reticulate-maculate at least in the apical 2-3 mm. Upper cortex paraplechtenchymatous, covered with an epinecral layer; medulla white, solid; lower cortex paraplechtenchymatous. Lower surface black, brown toward the tips, smooth to weakly and shallowly wrinkled, with scattered hapters. Apothecia rare, lecanorine, up to 5(-7) mm diam., with a dark brown disc and a thin, entire to sublobulate thalline margin. Epithecium brownish; hypothecium and hymenium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, subglobose to broadly ellipsoid, 10-12 x 6-8 µm. Pycnidia numerous, immersed, the visible part black to grey-brown. Conidia bifusiform, 5-7 x c. 1 µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: cortex K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P-; medulla K+ slowly reddish to orange-brown, C-, KC-, P+ orange, UV-. Chemistry: cortex with atranorin and chloroatranorin; medulla with fumarprotocetraric acid.
Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen found in more sheltered and less wind-exposed situations than B. atrofusca, on faces of acid siliceous rocks with a long snow-cover, with optimum above treeline; most frequent in the Alps, but also present in the high Mediterranean mountains.
Growth form: Foliose, narrow lobed
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: rather common
Subalpine belt: common
Oromediterranean belt: very rare
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

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5

Solar irradiation:

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5

Aridity:

(info)

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5

Eutrophication:

(info)

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5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (12970)
2001/11/22
central lobuli



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (35222)
2002/07/12
central lobules



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (12970)
2001/11/22
detail of marginal lobes


Gabriele Gheza, Tromello (PV); Owner: Gabriele Gheza, Tromello (PV)



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige, Trento, Val di Rabbi
2006


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/


Leif Stridvall
Courtesy: Anita Stridvall -Source: http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/



Pier Luigi Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41693



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37046



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37046



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37046



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37047