Acarospora nodulosa var. reagens (Zahlbr.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux

Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Marseille, 41: 61, 1981. Basionym: Acarospora reagens Zahlbr. - Beih. Bot. Centralblatt, 8: 162, 1902.
Synonyms: Acarospora granatensis Samp.?; Acarospora zahlbruckneri Samp.
Distribution: N - Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Fariselli & al. 2020). S - Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003, Puntillo 2011).
Description: Thallus areolate-subsquamulose, densely chalk-white-pruinose, forming patches to 5 cm diam. Areoles (2-)3-5(-6) mm wide, 0.2-2 mm thick, rounded, mostly convex, slightly lobed; lower surface attached by a few rhizines. Cortex densely filled with crystals visible under polarized light; algal layer continuous; medulla filled with crystals. Apothecia lecanorine, 1-2(-3) mm across, round, at first immersed, later sessile, with a flat to slightly convex, dark brown to almost black, epruinose disc, and a thick thalline margin. Epithecium yellowish brown, K-; hymenium colourless, 50-180 μm high, I+ blue; paraphyses coherent, simple to sparingly banched in upper part, 1.5-2.5 μm thick at base, the apical cell slightly swollen; hypothecium colourless, 40-85 μm tall, K-. Asci c. 100-spored. clavate, with a distinct apical dome, I . Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline globose or subglobose, 3-6 x 3-7 μm in diam. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: K+ yellow turning red (acicular red crystals), C-, KC-, P+ orange-yellow (reactions more evident in the medulla). Chemistry: thallus with norstictic acid.
Note: a xeric subtropical lichen found on gypsum in exposed situations below the montane belt; to be looked for in other gypsum outcrops of southern Italy (e.g. in Sicilia). The type material is from western North America.
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Subcontinental: restricted to areas with a dry-subcontinental climate (e.g. dry Alpine valleys, parts of Mediterranean Italy)
paras Diploschistes diacapsis

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: extremely rare


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (20442)
2001/12/09



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (35701)
2003/01/22


Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy, Calabria, Crotone, Santa Severina, On Disloschistes
20.02.2002


Magnusson A. H. (1935) Acarosporaceae, Thelocarpaceae. - In: Rabenhorst G. L.: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich, und der Schweiz-. 2nd- IX. Die Flechten. Abt. 5- 1. Gebr. Borntraeger. Leipzig, pp. 1-318. – Public Domain