Bryoplaca sinapisperma (DC.) Søchting, Frödén & Arup

in Arup & al., Nord. J. Bot., 31: 68, 2013. Basionym: Patellaria sinapisperma DC. in Lamarck & de Candolle - Fl. Franç., 3 éd., 2: 349, 1805.
Synonyms: Blastenia leucoraea (Ach.) Th. Fr.; Blastenia sinapisperma (DC.) A. Massal.; Caloplaca leucoraea (Ach.) Branth; Caloplaca sinapisperma (DC.) Maheu & A. Gillet; Lecanora ferruginea f. muscicola Hue; Lecidea ferruginea var. sinapisperma (DC.) Schaer.; Placodium sinapispermum (DC.) Hepp
Distribution: N - Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c, 2008c, Nascimbene & Marini 2007), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, Nascimbene 2008b), Lomb (Dalle Vedove & al. 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA. C - Tosc, Umb (Ravera & Di Toma 2003, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Gheza & al. 2021).
Description: Thallus crustose, whitish to pale grey, thin to rather thick, areolate. Areolae flat to convex, contiguous, sometimes almost subsquamulose, 0.1-0.3 mm broad, smooth, epruinose, forming a compact crust. Upper cortex paraplectenchymatous; medulla poorly developed, dense. Apothecia frequent, biatorine, sessile, constricted at base, 0.2-0.6(-0.9) mm across, with a rusty red to dark reddish brown or finally blackish brown, at first flat, but rapidly strongly convex, rough disc; thalline margin indistinct in mature apothecia; proper margin thin, evident only in very young apothecia. Proper exciple up to 80-100 μm wide, the inner part broad, paraplectenchymatous, colourless; epithecium coarsely granular, orange, K+ red, C+ purple in section; hymenium colourless, 100-120 μm high; paraphyses not gelatinized, branched in upper part, the terminal cells sometimes swollen, 2-6 μm wide; hypothecium colourless to pale brown. Asci mainly 8-spored, clavate, Teloschistes-type. Ascospores 1-septate, polarilocular, hyaline, broadly ellipsoid, (12-)15-20(-23) x (6-)8-10(-12) µm, the septum 2.5-3(-4) µm thick. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K- or K+ yellow, C-, KC-, P-; apothecia K+ red, C+ purple. Chemistry: thallus without lichen substances or with low amounts of atranorin; apothecia with chlorinated anthraquinones (citreorosein, emodinal, emodinic acid, emodin).
Note: a holarctic lichen ranging from the arctic zone to the high southern mountains, found on mosses and plant debris on calcareous or base-rich siliceous substrata, with optimum near or above treeline, sometimes reaching the montane belt in open habitats; common in the Alps, restricted to the highest areas of the Apennines.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: soil, terricolous mosses, and plant debris
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: rather common
Subalpine belt: common
Oromediterranean belt: extremely rare
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Aridity:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

1

2

3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5





Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta Garden, ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (12880)
2001/12/07



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (35296)
2002/07/15


Andres Saag; Owner: University of Tartu


Andres Saag; Owner: University of Tartu



P.L.Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (36809)
2008.02.25


Gabriele Gheza; Owner: Gabriele Gheza
Italy, Lombardia, Prealpi Orobie.
Herbarium: Forum Natura Mediterraneo
2010



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta Garden, ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta Garden, ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[B 60 0054612], Sweden, Torne Lappmark, Comm. Kiruna, Jieprentjårro, above Jieprenjåkkstugan, on N shore of lake Torneträsk, opposite Abisko; alpine slope with calcareous schist boulders; terrestrial on and among dead plant remains, 68°27' N, 18°53' E, 800 m. Leg. H. Sipman, 25.08.1986 (Nr. 21344), det. H. Sipman, 1986.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19596], U.S.A., Michigan, Delta County, in peninsula dicta 'Garden', ad meridiem a Charboneau Point, supra muscos in rupibus calcareis ad litorem. Leg. R.C. Harris (12000), 19.09.1976. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 1971.
as Caloplaca leucoraea



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37991



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 37187



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 37187