Calicium pinicola (Tibell) M. Prieto & Wedin

Fungal Divers., 2016 (MB 817536). Basionym: Cyphelium pinicola Tibell - Svensk Bot. Tidskr., 63: 477, 1969.
Synonyms:
Distribution: N - TAA (Nascimbene 2005, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, 2007b, Nimis & al. 2015), Lomb (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Piem (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009). S - Bas (Puntillo 2015), Cal (Puntillo 1994, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2009), Si (Puntillo & Puntillo 2009).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic or almost endosubstratic, most foten verrucose, intensely greenish yellow. Cortex consisting of hyaline, gelatinized hyphae, densely inspersed with small yellow crystals. Apothecia epruinose, 0.4-0.7 mm across, sessile and constricted at base, with a well-developed, shiny black proper margin, usually somewhat inflexed over the mazaedium. Exciple of dark brown, sclerotized, irregularly interwoven hyphae, styrongly thickened at base, extending deep down into the thallus; hypothecium: indistinctly delimited. Asci 8-spored, cylindrical to narrowly clavate, persisting until the spores are nearly mature, with 1- to 2-seriate ascospores. Ascospores 1-septate and slightly constricted at septum, dark brown, ellipsoid, 13-16 x 7-9 µm, smooth when young, then with a few irregular and rather shallow fissures. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: thallus with rhizocarpic acid.
Note: a mainly temperate to southern boreal-montane lichen found on bark of conifers, and especially of Pinus, near the base of trunks, less confined to high altitudes than C. tigillare. It is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Vulnerable” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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5

Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Domenico Puntillo - CC BY-SA 4.0
Italy



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Paneveggio, Reg. Trentino-Alto Adige Prov. Trento, Italy.
2009



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[20959], Macedonia, SW Macedonia, Baba Mountain, northen side of Pelister, 1.7 km N of the summit, hiking path to the summit, 41°01'6.3'' N, 21°11'8.3'' E, 2050 m, on dead wood of Pinus peuce. Leg.M. Kaltenböck (no 106), 26.07.2017, det. Kaltenböck. DUPLA GRAECENSIA LICHENUM NR. 1111



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA4.0
[20959], Macedonia, SW Macedonia, Baba Mountain, northen side of Pelister, 1.7 km N of the summit, hiking path to the summit, 41°01'6.3'' N, 21°11'8.3'' E, 2050 m, on dead wood of Pinus peuce. Leg.M. Kaltenböck (no 106), 26.07.2017, det. Kaltenböck. DUPLA GRAECENSIA LICHENUM NR. 1111



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (10458)
2001/12/08