Acarospora sinopica (Wahlenb.) Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 156, 1855
Synonyms: Acarospora sinopica var. ferruginea Körb.; Acarospora smaragdula var. sinopica (Wahlenb.) A. Massal.; Polysporinopsis sinopica (Wahlenb.) Vězda; Zeora sinopica (Wahlenb.) Flot.
Distribution: N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb (Dalle Vedove & al. 2004, Nascimbene 2006), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006, Isocrono & Piervittori 2008), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001, Matteucci & al. 2015c). C - Tosc (Giordani & al. 2009).
Description: Thallus crustose, episubstratic, of contiguous to dispersed, rounded or angular areoles separated by thin cracks, bright rust-red to dark orange-brown, rarely yellowish in shade-forms. Cortex 20-35 µm thick; photobiont layer continuous. Apothecia usually abundant, except sometimes on the marginal areoles, mostly 2-8 per areole, more or less punctiform, immersed, 0.1-0.2(-0.7) mm across, with a dark brown or blackish disc an a thin, raised, blackish proper margin. Proper exciple 15-30 µm thick; epithecium dark rust-red; hymenium colourless, 120-170 µm high, I+ yellowish red; paraphyses 1-1.5 µm thick at base, the apical cells hardly swollen. Asci 100-200-spored, clavate, the apical dome K/I-. Ascospores 1-celled, ellipsoid, 3-3.5 x 1-1.6 µm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a probably holarctic species of iron-rich rocks and mine-spoil heaps in exposed situations. Widespread, but local, throughout the Alps; also reported from the northern Apennines.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Species of metal-rich rocks

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: extremely rare
Subalpine belt: very rare
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: very rare
Submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

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5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

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5

Aridity:

(info)

1

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5

Eutrophication:

(info)

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5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

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3

Altitudinal distribution:

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5





Pier Luigi Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 41612



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (21110)
2001/12/04



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Stelvio National Park, Reg. Trentino-Alto Adige Prov. Trento, Italy.
07.2005


Leif Stridvall - Source: http://www.stridvall.se/la/galleries.php (Courtesy: Anita Stridvall)



Curtis Randall Björk, - CC BY-SA 4.0
Coastal British Columbia, Canada
13.11.2018



Curtis Randall Björk – CC BY-SA 4.0
Near Metchosin, British Columbia, Canada



Juri Nascimbene - CC BY-SA 4.0
Stelvio National Park, Reg. Trentino-Alto Adige Prov. Trento, Italy.
07.2005



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 36907



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 36907


Magnusson A. H. (1935) Acarosporaceae, Thelocarpaceae. - In: Rabenhorst G. L.: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich, und der Schweiz-. 2nd- IX. Die Flechten. Abt. 5- 1. Gebr. Borntraeger. Leipzig, pp. 1-318. – Public Domain



Pier Luigi Nimis - Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 36907



Pier Luigi Nimis - Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 36907