Caloplaca coccinea (Müll. Arg.) Poelt

Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 12: 5, 1975. Basionym: Blastenia coccinea Müll. Arg. - Flora, 50: 366, 1867.
Synonyms: Blastenia arnoldiana Servít & Cern.; Caloplaca arnoldiana (Servít & Cern.) Servít & Poelt; Caloplaca flammea (Anzi) Jatta; Placodium flammeum Anzi
Distribution: N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2003c, Nascimbene & Marini 2007), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Nascimbene & al. 2021), VA (Nascimbene & al. 2021), Emil (Fariselli & al. 2020). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Recchia & Villa 1996, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Gheza & al. 2021), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Caporale & al. 2008).
Description: Thallus crustose, indistinct and endosubstratic or episubstratic and consisting of very small, scattered, orange-pink areoles, well-delimited, forming orbicular patches several cm in diam. Apothecia 0.2.1 mm across, at first immersed, then sessile and slightly protruding, with a flat to weakly convex, carmine red to orange-red, smooth disc, and an initially prominent, then thinner, slightly paler, smooth proper margin. Exciple 60-100 μm wide, with very few to no algal cells, prosoplectenchymatous; epithecium orange, K+ red; hymenium colourless, 50-70 mm tall; paraphyses weakly branched in upper part, the terminal cells swollen, to 7 μm wide; hypothecium colourless, usually inspersed with oil droplets. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Teloschistes-type. Ascospores 1-septate, polarilocular, hyaline, ellipsoid, 8-12 x 3-7 μm, the septum 2-4 μm thick. Spot tests: thallus and apothecia K+ red, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: thallus and apothecia with emodin, fallacinal, parietin, parietinic acid, and teloschistin.
Note: on steeply inclined, partially shaded surfaces of calcareous rocks above treeline; known from the mountains of southern Europe, and certainly ranging throughout the Alps.
Growth form: Crustose endolithic
Substrata: rocks
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: rather rare
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Solar irradiation:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Aridity:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Eutrophication:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5

Poleotolerance:

(info)

0

1

2

3

Altitudinal distribution:

(info)

1

2

3

4

5





P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 38003



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (13999)
2001/12/18



P.L. Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (13999)
2001/11/13



Pier Luigi Nimis; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
Herbarium: TSB (13999)



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Felix Schumm; Owner: Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



Pier Luigi Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 42460



Felix Schumm - CC BY-SA 4.0
[19574], Austria, Salisburgia, Tennengebirge, Abtenau, in pede orient. montis, Fritzer-Kogels, alt. 2120 m, ad saxa calcarea. Leg. H. Wittmann (8446), 25.5.1986. VEZDA: LICHENES SELECTI EXSICCATI NR. 2112.



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37869



Pier Luigi Nimis - CC BY-SA 4.0; Owner: Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste
TSB 38003



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 41344



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 41344



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 41344



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 41344



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 41345



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 37949



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 37949



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 37949



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 37949



P.L. Nimis CC BY-SA 04
TSB 37038



Pier Luigi Nimis - Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37163



Pier Luigi Nimis - Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste - CC BY-SA 4.0
TSB 37163