Synonyms: Caloplaca herminica (Samp.) Samp.; Pisutiella congrediens (Nyl.) S. Y. Kondr., L. Lőkös & E. Farkas
Distribution: N - Lig (Plantae Graecenses, Lichenes Nr. 255). C - Sar (Rizzi & al. 2011, Giordani & al. 2013). S - Si.
Description: Thallus crustose to subsquamulose, episubstratic, pale brown to brownish-grey, often whitish-pruinose due to a thick epinecral layer, sometimes blackened in sun-forms, thick, tending to form thick pillows to 1 cm in diam. inside the cushions of mosses (esp. Andreaea- and Grimmia-species). Areoles to 0.3 mm wide, convex, contiguous and almost subsquamulose, corticate, the cortex overlain by a thick epinecral layer. Apothecia lecanorine, rounded to irregular in outline, at first immersed, then sessile, (0.3-)0.6-1(-1.5) mm across, with a cinnamon-orange to orange-brown, concave to flat disc, and a very thick, smooth, brownish to brownish grey thalline margin, sometimes also with a dark parathecial ring. Thalline exciple corticate; epithecium orange-brown, with a granular epipsamma, K+ red; hymenium colourless, 50-80 µm high; paraphyses 1.5-2 µm thick at mid-level, the terminal cells only slightly swollen; hypothecium colourless. Asci 8-spored, clavate, Teloschistes-type. Ascospores 1-septate, polarilocular, hyaline, ellipsoid, 11-15 x 4-8 µm, the septum 1.5-3(-5) µm thick. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-. Chemistry: thallus without lichen substances; epithecium with unidentified anthraquinones.
Note: a montane-subtropical to mild-temperate, mainly Mediterranean-Atlantic species found on epilithic mosses overgrowing base-rich, often volcanic, siliceous rocks. According to Vondrák (in litt.) this species does not belong to Caloplaca s.str., being closely related to C. phaeothamnos and C. grimmiae; molecular (ITS) data show that these three species, formerly placed in their own section Coccinodiscus Poelt & Kalb, could belong to a still undescribed genus, the closest outgroup being formed by C. conversa and C. conglomerata.
Growth form: Crustose
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)