Chrysothrix caesia (Flot.) Ertz & Tehler

Fungal Divers., 49: 53, 2011. Basionym: Coniangium caesium Flot. in Körb. - Syst. Lich. Germ.: 295, 1855.
Synonyms: Allarthonia caesia (Flot.) Zahlbr.; Arthonia caesia (Flot.) Körb.
Distribution: N - Frl.
Description: Thallus subleprose, episubstratic, whitish to greyish-green, granulose, poorly delimited, covered with very thin, acicular crystals in herbarium specimens. Apothecia rather rare, arthonioid, more or less round, 0.2-0.7 mm across, at first immersed in the thallus, with a dark brown to black, but densely bluish-grey pruinose, flat to slightly convex disc, without a proper margin. Proper exciple poorly developed, very thin, reddish brown; epithecium reddish brown c. 10 μm high; hymenium colourless to yellowish brown, 60-75 μm high; paraphysoids rather thin, sparingly branched, not or only slightly thickened at apex; hypothecium dark red-brown, conical, up to 60 μm high. Asci 8-spored, broadly clavate to subglobose, approaching the Arthonia-type. Ascospores 3-septate, clearly constricted at septa, more or less bacilliform, 15-20 x 4-6 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: thallus K- or K+ pale yellow, C-, KC- or KC+ pale yellow, P-. Chemistry: usnic acid in thallus, perhaps also zeorin.
Note: a mild-temperate species also known from North America, found on the smooth bark of deciduous trees, especially Carpinus; often sterile and overlooked, being easily confused with species of Lepraria.
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: green algae other than Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: extremely rare
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: absent
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Solar irradiation:

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Aridity:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Curtis Randall Björk CC BY-SA 4.0
Ontario, Leeds and Grenville United Counties Corticolous, trunk of Betula allegheniensis
2010-03-01


Redinger, K. (1938) Arthoniaceae, Graphidaceae . In Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Band 9, 2 Abt., Part 1 (G. L. Rabenhorst, ed.): 181–404. Leipzig: Borntraeger


Ed Uebel - self-made (Photographed on 1 May 2005 by me, Ed Uebel) Wikimedia Commons - GNU-ove licence za slobodnu dokumentaciju, inačica 1.2 ili kasnija ako ju je objavio Free Software Foundation
Ridge Road - Western Baltimore County, Maryland, USA. Collected and identified by E.C. Uebel (No. U-470, 23 Aug 2001).