Description: Thallus foliose, heteromerous, dorsiventral, closely adnate, forming regular or irregular rosettes to 8 cm in diam., often several thalli merging to cover larger surfaces. Lobes 0.2-0.8(-1) mm wide, flattened to convex, often torulose-nodulose, with a crenulated margin. Upper surface blackish brown to greyish black, somewhat paler in shade-forms, dull or shiny towards margins; lower surface black, browned at lobe tips, erhizinate, attached by irregular cortical outgrowths. Upper and lower cortex prosoplectenchymatous; medulla compact, white. Apothecia common, lecanorine, to 5 mm across, with a dark brown disc and a usually smooth thalline margin. Asci 8-spored, clavate, thick-walled, the apex I+ blue with a wide, divergent axial body, Lecanora-type. Ascospores 1-celled, hyaline, broadly ellipsoid to subglobose, 7.5-10 x 5-7 μm. Pycnidia common, immersed, black. Conidia bifusiform or thickened at one end, 4.5-6 x c. 1 μm. Photobiont chlorococcoid. Spot tests: upper cortex K-, C-, KC-, P-; medulla K+ pale yellow, C+ red, KC+ red, P+ yellow. Chemistry: medulla with alectorialic and barbatolic acids.
Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar species found on hard siliceous rocks, often on quartz, in wind-exposed ridges near or above treeline, restricted to the Alps in Italy.