Coenogonium tavaresianum (Vězda) Lücking, Aptroot & Sipman

in Rivas Plata & al., Fungal Divers., 23: 298, 2006. Basionym: Dimerella tavaresiana Vezda - Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 4: 446, 1969.
Synonyms:
Distribution: N - Lig. C - Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, 2000, Munzi & al. 2004, 2007). S - Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1996, 1998), Cal (Sérusiaux 1998).
Description: Thallus crustose, thinly episubstratic, continuous, minutely granulose to verrucose, olive-green to glaucous green. Apothecia lecideine, adnate, constricted at base, round, 0.2-0.5 mm across, pale to medium orange-brown, with a concave to flat disc, and a usually somewhat darker, persistent, smooth proper margin. Proper exciple paraplectenchymatous, orange-brown in outer part, colourless within; hymenium colourless, 90-120 µm high, I+ blue; paraphyses simple, the apical cells swollen; hypothecium colourless, poorly developed. Asci 8-spored, narrowly cylindrical, without an amyloid ring around the apical pore, Catillaria-type, with uniseriate ascospores. Ascospores 1-septate, hyaline, narrowly ellipsoid, (8.5-)10-12(-16) x 2.5-4 µm. Photobiont trentepohlioid. Spot tests: thallus and apothecia K-, C-, KC-, P-, UV-. Chemistry: without lichen substances.
Note: a mild-temperate lichen found on acid bark of conifers and broad-leaved trees in open, humid and warm Mediterranean woodlands; strictly Tyrrhenian in Italy. It is included in the Italian red list of epiphytic lichens as “Vulnerable” (Nascimbene & al. 2013c).
Growth form: Crustose
Substrata: bark
Photobiont: Trentepohlia
Reproductive strategy: mainly sexual
Most common in areas with a humid-warm climate (e.g. most of Tyrrenian Italy)

Commonnes-rarity: (info)

Alpine belt: absent
Subalpine belt: absent
Oromediterranean belt: absent
Montane belt: absent
Submediterranean belt: absent
Padanian area: absent
Humid submediterranean belt: absent
Humid mediterranean belt: very rare
Dry mediterranean belt: absent


pH of the substrata:

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Eutrophication:

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Poleotolerance:

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Altitudinal distribution:

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Domenico Puntillo; Owner: Domenico Puntillo
Italy